Frank Millero

Frank Millero

Professor Emeritus Department of Ocean Sciences

University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

SLAB 222

Tel: 305.421.4707

Google Scholar Profile

My major research interests are in the application of physical chemical principles to natural waters (see Marine Physical Chemistry Group Web Page). I attempt to understand how ionic interactions affect the thermodynamics and kinetics of processes occurring in the oceans. Ionic interaction models are used to estimate the activity and speciation of ions in natural waters of known composition. Our recent studies have been concerned with the affect ionic interactions on the oxidation of both metals [Fe(II), Cr(III), Cr(VI)] and non-metals [As(III), S(II), S(IV)] in aqueous solutions.

My group is presently involved in programs attempting to synthesize the global CO2 cycle in the world oceans. We hope to characterize the flux of fossil fuel CO2 to the deep oceans. We also study the effects of ocean acidification on the speciation of metals in the ocean. The lower pH can affect equilibrium and kinetics of metals in the surface waters of the ocean. This can change the toxicity of metals such as copper on bacteria and phytoplankton in the ocean. It also can make some metals such as iron more available to marine organisms.


L.I. Gordon, L.A. Codispoti, J.C. Jennings, F.J. Millero, J.M. Morrison, C. Sweeney, Seasonal evolution of hydrographic properties in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, 1996-1997, Deep Sea Research Part II, 47 (15-16), 3095-3117, 2000.

K. Lee, F.J. Millero, R.H. Byrne, R.A. Feely, and R. Wanninkhof, The recommended dissociation constants for carbonic acid in seawater, Geophys. Res. Lett., 27, 229-232, 2000.

K. Lee, R. Wanninkhof, R. A. Feeley,  F. J. Millero, and T-H. Peng.  Global relationships of total inorganic carbon with with temperature and nitrate in surface seawater, Biogeochem. Cycles, 14(3): 979-994, 2000.

F.J. Millero, The equation of state of lake waters, Aquatic Geochem., 6(1), 1-17, 2000.

F.J. Millero, Effect of changes in the composition of seawater on the density-salinity relationship, Deep-Sea Res I, 47, 1583-1590, 2000.

F.J. Millero, The carbonate system in seawater, in Chemical Processes in Marine Environments, eds., A. Gianguzza, E. Pellizzetti and S. Sammartano, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Chpt. 1, 9-41, 2000.

F.J. Millero, Redox processes in anoxic basins, in Chemical Processes in Marine Environments, eds., A. Gianguzza, E. Pellizzetti and S. Sammartano, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Chpt. 4, 91-123, 2000.

F.J. Millero, The Activity Coefficients of Non-Electrolytes in Seawater, Mar. Chem., 70, 5-22, 2000.

M. Pettine and F.J. Millero, Effect of metals on the oxidation of As(III) with H2O2, Mar. Chem., 70, 223-234, 2000.

D. Pierrot and F.J. Millero, The apparent molal volume and compressibility of seawater fit to the Pitzer equations, J. Solution Chem., 29(8), 719-742, 2000.

R.N. Roy, N.A. Coffman, M.D. Bell, L.N. Roy, D. Pierrot and F.J. Millero, Thermo-dynamics of the HBr + NiBr2 + H2O System from 5 to 55oC, Mar. Chem., 70, 37-48, 2000.

R.N. Roy, D.R. Gregory, L.N. Roy, D. Pierrot, F.J. Millero, Activity coefficients of HCl + GdCl3 + H2O System from 5 to 55oC, J. Solution Chem., 29(7), 619-631, 2000.

R.N. Roy,  L.N. Roy, D.R. Gregory, A.J. VanLanduyt, D. Pierrot, F.J. Millero, Thermodynamics of the System HCl + SmCl3 + H2O. Application of HarnedÕs Rule and the Pitzer formalism, J. Solution Chem., 29(12), 1211-1227, 2000.

C.L. Sabine, R. Wanninkhof, R.M. Key, C. Goyet and F.J. Millero, Seasonal CO2 fluxes in the tropical and subtropical Indian Ocean, Mar. Chem., 72(1) 33-53, 2000.

J.M. Santana-Casiano, M. Gonzalez-Davila, M.J. Rodriquez and F.J. Millero, The effects of organic compounds in the oxidation kinetics of Fe(II), Mar. Chem., 70, 211-222, 2000.

V.K. Sharma, R.A. Rendon, F.J. Millero and F. Vasquez, Oxidation of thioacetamide by ferrate (VI), Mar. Chem, 70, 235-242, 2000.

V.K. Sharma, K.B. Rhudy and F.J. Millero, Diurnal variation of Texas ÒBrown TideÓ (Aureoumbra lagunensis) in relation to metals, J. Environ. Sci. and Health, A35(7): 1077-1088, 2000.

C. Sweeney, D.A. Hansell, C.A. Carlson, L.A. Codispoti, L.I. Gordon, J. Marra, F.J. Millero, W.O. Smith, T. Takahashi, Biogeochemical regimes, net community production and carbon export in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, Deep Sea Research Part II, 47 (15-16), 3369-3394, 2000.

C. Sweeney, W.O. Smith, B. Hales, R.R. Bidigare, C.A. Carlson, L.A., Codispoti, L.I. Gordon, D.A. Hansell, F.J. Millero, M-O. Park, T. Takahashi, Nutrient and carbon removal ratios and fluxes in the Ross Sea, Antarctica, Deep Sea Research Part II, 47 (15-16), 3395-3421, 2000.


F.J. Millero, W.T. Hiscock, F. Huang, M. Roche and J-Z. Zhang, Seasonal variation of the carbonate system in Florida Bay, Bull. Mar. Sci., 68(1), 101-123, 2001.

F.J. Millero, F. Huang, X. Zhu, X. Lui, and J-Z. Zhang, Adsorption and desorption of phosphate on calcite and aragonite in seawater, Aquatic. Geochem., 7, 33-56, 2001.

F.J. Millero, The speciation of metals in natural waters, Geochem. Trans., 8, 2001.

J.M. Morrison, S. Gaurin, L.A. Codispoti, T. Takahashi, F.J. Millero, W.D. Gardner and M.J. Richardson, Seasonal evolution of hydrographic properties in the Antarctic Circumpolar Current at 170o W during 1997-1998, Deep Sea Res. II, 48, 3943-3972, 2001.

R.N. Roy , L.N. Roy, D.R. Gregory, A.J. VanLanduyt, D. Pierrot, and F.J. Millero, The activity coefficients of (hydrogen chloride + europium chloride) (aq) Using HarnedÕs Rule and the Pitzer Formalism, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 46(3), 551-556, 2001.

V.K. Sharma, C.R. Burnett and F.J. Millero, Dissociation constants of the monoprotic ferrate (VI) ion in NaCl media, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys, 3, 2059-2062, 2001.

J.-Z. Zhang, C. Kelble and F.J. Millero, Gas-segmented continuous flow analysis of iron in water with a long liquid waveguide capillary flow cell, Analy. Chim. Acta 21256, 1-9, 2001.


R.A. Feely, C.L. Sabine, K. Lee, F.J. Millero, M.F. Lamb, D. Greeley, J.L. Bullister, R.M. Key, T.-H. Peng, A. Kozyr, T. Ono and C.S. Wong, In-situ calcium carbonate dissolution in the Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 16(4), 1144-1156, doi:10.1029/2002GB001866, 2002.

X. Liu, F.J. Millero, The solubility of iron in seawater, Mar. Chem., 77, 43-54, 2002.

M.F. Lamb, C.L. Sabine, R.A. Feely, R. Wanninkhof, R.M. Key, G.C. Johnson, F.J. Millero, K. Lee, T.-H Peng, A. Kozyr, J.L. Bullister, D. Greeley, R.H. Byrne, D.W. Chipman, A.G. Dickson, C. Goyet, P.R. Guenther, M. Ishii, K.M. Johnson, C.D. Keeling, T. Ono, K. Shitashima, B. Tilbrook, T. Takahashi, D.W.R. Wallace, Y. Watanabe, S. Winn, and CS. Wong, Consistency and synthesis of Pacific Ocean CO2 data, Deep-Sea Res. II, 49, 21-58, 2002.

F.J. Millero, Sea Water as an Electrolyte, Chapter 1, Chemistry of Marine Water and Sediments, Antonio Gianguzza, zio Pelizzetti and Silvio Sammartano (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, New York, pp. 3-34, 2002.

F.J. Millero and D. Pierrot, Speciation of Metals in Natural Waters, Chapter 8, Chemistry of Marine Water and Sediments, Antonio Gianguzza, zio Pelizzetti and Silvio Sammartano (Eds.), Springer-Verlag, New York, pp.193-220, 2002.

F.J. Millero, F. Huang and A.L. Laferriere, The solubility of oxygen in the major sea salts and their mixtures at 25oC, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 66(13), 2349-2359, 2002.

F.J. Millero, F. Huang and A.L. Laferriere, Solubility of oxygen in the major sea salts as a function of concentration and temperature, Mar. Chem. 78(4), 217-230, 2002.

F.J. Millero, D. Pierrot, K. Lee, R. Wanninkhof, R. Feely, C.L. Sabine, R.M. Key, T. Takahashi, Dissociation constants for carbonic acid determined from field measurements, Deep-Sea Res. I, 49,1705-1723, 2002.

F.J. Mojica Prieto and F.J. Millero.  The values of pK1 + pK2 for the dissociation of carbonic acid in seawater, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 66(14)2529-2540, 2002.

Pettine, M., L. Campanella and F.J. Millero, Reduction of hexavalent chromium by H2O2 in acidic solutions, Environ. Sci. Technol., 36, 901-907, 2002.

Sabine, C.L., R.A. Feely, R.M. Key, J.L. Bullister, F.J. Millero, K. Lee,  T.-H. Peng, B. Tilbrook, T. Ono and C.S. Wong (2002) Distribution of anthropogenic CO2 in the Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16, 1083, doi:10.1029/2001GB001639, 2002.

V.K. Sharma, F. Casteran and F.J. Millero and C. De Stefano, Dissociation constants of protonated cysteine species in NaCl media, J. Sol. Chem., 10, 783-792, 2002.

C.A.R. Silva, X. Liu and F.J. Millero, Solubility of siderite (FeCO3) in NaCl solutions, J. Sol. Chem., 31(2), 97-108, 2002.

J.-Z. Zhang and F. J. Millero, Comment on ÒA kinetic study of the oxidation of S(IV) in seawaterÓ, Environ. Sci. Technol. 36(4), 817-817, 2002.


V.G. Caccia, F.J. Millero and A. Palanques, The distribution of trace metals in Florida Bay sediments, Mar. Poll. Bull. 46, 1420-1433, 2003.

V.G. Caccia and F.J. Millero, The distribution and seasonal variation of dissolved trace metals in Florida Bay and adjacent waters, Aquatic Geochem. 9(2), 111-144, 2003

S. Chung, K. Lee, R. A. Feely, C. L. Sabine, F. J. Millero, R. Wanninkhof, J. L. Bullister, R. M. Key and T.-H. Peng, Calcium carbonate budget in the Atlantic Ocean based on water-column inorganic carbon chemistry, Global Biogeochem, Cycles, 17(4), 10.1029/2002GB002001, 2003a.

K. Lee, S.D. Choi, G.-H. Park, R. Wanninkhof, T.-H. Peng, R.M. Key, C.L. Sabine, R.A. Feely, J.L. Bullister, F.J. Millero and Alex Kozyr, An updated anthropogenic CO2 in the Atlantic Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 17(4), 1116, doi:10.1029/2003GB002067, 2003.

Y. Luo and F.J. Millero, Solubility of Rhodochrosite (MnCO3) in NaCl Solutions, J. Solution Chem., 32(5) 405-416., 2003.

F.J. Millero and F. Huang, Solubility of oxygen in aqueous solutions of KCl, K2SO4 and CaCl2 as a function of concentration and temperature, J. Chem. Eng. Data, 48, 1050-1054, 2003.

F.J. Millero, F. Huang and T.B. Graham, Solubility of oxygen in some 1-1, 2-1, 1-2, and 2-2 electrolytes as a function of concentration at 25oC, J. Solution Chem., 32(6) 473-487, 2003.

J.W. Morse, D.K. Gledhill and F.J. Millero, CaCO3 precipitation kinetics in the waters from the Grand Bahama Bank:  Implication for the relationship between bank hydrochemistry and whitings, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 67(15), 2819-2826 (doi:10.1016/S0016-7037(03)00103-0), 2003.

V.K. Sharma, A. Zinger, F.J. Millero, C. De Stefano, Dissociation constants of protonated methionine species in NaCl media, Biophys. Chem. 105, 79-87, 2003.


S.-N. Chung, G.-H. Park, K. Lee, R.M. Key, F.J. Millero, R.A. Feely, C.L. Sabine and P.G. Falkowski, Postindustrial enhancement of aragonite undersaturation in the upper tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean:  The role of fossil fuel CO2.  Limnol. Oceanogr. 49(2), 315-321, 2004.

C.D. Clark, W.T. Hiscock, F.J. Millero, G. Hitchcock, L. Brand, W.L. Miller, L. Ziolkowski, R.F. Chen and R.G. Zika, CDOM distribution and CO2 production on the Southwest Florida Shelf, Mar. Chem., 89, 145-167, 2004.

K.H. Coale, K.S. Johnson, F.P. Chavez, K.O. Buesseler, R.T. Barber, M.A. Brzezinski, W. P. Cochlan, F.J. Millero, P.G. Falkowski, J.E. Bauer, R.H. Wanninkhof, R.M. Kudela, M.A. Altabet, B.E. Hales, T.Takahashi, M.R. Landry, R.R. Bidigare, X.Wang,1 Z.Chase, P.G. Strutton, G.E. Friederich, M.Y. Gorbunov, V.P. Lance, A.K. Hilting, M.R. Hiscock, M.Demarest, W.T. Hiscock, K.F. Sullivan, S.J. Tanner, R. M.Gordon, C.N. Hunter, V.A. Elrod, S.E. Fitzwater, J.L. Jones, S.Tozzi, M.Koblizek, A.E. Roberts, J.Herndon, J.Brewster, N.Ladizinsky, G.Smith, D.Cooper, D.Timothy, S.L. Brown, K.E. Selph, C.C. Sheridan, B.S. Twining, Z.I. Johnson, Southern Ocean Iron Enrichment Experiment: Carbon Cycling in High- and Low-Si Waters, Science 304, 408-414, 2004.

F. Crea, C. De Stefano, F.J. Millero, V.K. Sharma, Dissociation constants for citric acid in NaCl and KCl solutions and their mixtures at 25oC, J. Sol. Chem. 33(11), 1349-1366, 2004.

P.K. Dutta, A.K. Ray, V.K. Sharma and F.J. Millero, Adsorption of arsenate and arsenite on titanium dioxide suspensions, Colloid and Interface Sciences, 278, 270-275, 2004.

R.A. Feely, C.L. Sabine, K. Lee, W. Berelson, J. Kleypas, V.J. Fabry and F.J. Millero, Impact of anthropogenic CO2 on the CaCO3 system in the oceans, Science, 305, 362-366, 2004.

C. Foti, A. Gianguzza, D. Milea, F.J. Millero and S. Sammartano, Speciation of trialkyltin (IV) cations in natural fluids, Mar. Chem. 85, 157-167, 2004.

A. Gianguzza, D. Milea, F.J. Millero, S. Sammartano, Hydrolysis and chemical speciation of dioxouranium (VI) ion in aqueous media simulating the major ion composition of seawater, Mar. Chem. 85, 103-124, 2004.

R.M. Key, A. Kozyr, C.L. Sabine, K. Lee, R. Wanninkhof, J. Bullister, R.A. Feely, F. Millero, C. Mordy, T.-H. Peng, A global ocean carbon climatology:  Results from GLODAP, Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 18,  GB4031, doi:10.1029/2004GB002247, 2004.

Y. Luo and F.J. Millero, Effects of temperature and ionic strength on the stabilities of the first and second fluoride complexes of yttrium and the rare earth elements, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 68(21), 4301-4308, 2004.

C.L. Sabine, R.A. Feely, N. Gruber, R.M. Key, K. Lee, J.L. Bullister, R. Wanninkhof, C.S. Wong, D.W.R. Wallace, B. Tilbrook, F.J. Millero, T.-H. Peng, A. Kozyr, T. Ono, A.F. Rios, The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2, Science, 305, 367-371, 2004.

J. M. Santana-Casiano, M. González-Dávila, F. J. Millero, The oxidation of Fe(II) in NaCl-HCO-3 and seawater solutions in the presence of phthalate and salicylate ions: a kinetic model, Mar. Chem. 85, 27-40, 2004.

V.K. Sharma, F.J. Millero, Z. Homonnay, The kinetics of the complex formation between iron (III)-ethylenediaminetetraacetate and hydrogen peroxide in aqueous solution, Inorganica, Chimica Acta, 357 (12) 3583-3587, 2004.


H. de Baar, P.W. Boyd, K.H. Coale, M.R. Landry, A. Tsuda, P. Assmy, D.C.E. Bakker, Y. Bozec, R.T. Barber, M.A. Brzezinski, K.O. Buesseler, M. Boye, P.L. Croot, F. Gervais, M.Y. Gorbunov, P.J. Harrison, W.T. Hiscock, P. Laan, C. Lancelot, C.S. Law, M. Levasseur, A. Marchetti, F.J. Millero, J. Nishioka, Y. Nojiri, T. van Oijen, U. Riebesell, M.J.A. Rijkenberg, H. Saito, S. Takeda, K.R. Timmermans, M.J.W. Veldhuis, A.M. Waite and C.-S. Wong, Synthesis of iron fertilization experiments: From the iron age in the age of enlightenment, J. Geophys. Res. (Oceans),110, C09S16, doi: 10.1029/2004JC00260-1, 2005.

M. González-Davila, J. M. Santana-Casiano and F.J. Millero, Oxidation of iron (II) nanomolar with H2O2 in seawater, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 69(1), 89-93, 2005.

W.T. Hiscock and F.J. Millero, Nutrient and carbon parameters during the Southern Ocean iron experiment (SOFeX), Deep-Sea Res. I, 52, 2086-2108, 2005.

Q.P. Li, J.-Z. Zhang, F.J. Millero, D.A. Hansell, Continuous colorimetric determination of trace ammonium in seawater with a long-path liquid waveguide capillary cell, 96, 73-85, 2005.

F.J. Millero and D. Pierrot, The apparent molal heat capacity, enthalpy, and free energy of seawater fit to the Pitzer equations, Mar. Chem. 94, 81-99, 2005.

R.N. Roy, L.N. Roy, B.J. Tabor, C.A. Himes, S.J. Rihcards, M.P. Cummins, E.B. Christiansen, C.N. Roy, V.K. Sharma, and F.J. Millero, Thermodynamics of electrolyte mixtures: HCL + NdCl3 + H2O from 5 to 55¼C, J. Sol. Chem. 34(9), 1033-1044.

J. M. Santana-Casiano, M. González-Dávila, and F.J. Millero, Oxidation of nanomolar levels of Fe(II) with oxygen in natural waters, Environ. Sci Technol. 39, 2073-2079, 2005.


M. Chanson and F. J. Millero, The solubility of boric acid in electrolyte solutions, J. Sol. Chem., 35(5), 689-703, 2006. (DOI: 10.1007/s10953-006-9021.5).

R. Feistel, T.J. McDougall, F.J. Millero, Eine neue Zustandsgleichung fur Meerwasser DGM-Mitteilungen, 2/2006, 19-21.

M. González-Dávila, J. M. Santana-Casiano and F. J. Millero, Competition between O2 and H2O2 in the oxidation of Fe(II) in natural waters, J. Sol. Chem., 35(1), 95-111, 2006. (DOI: 10.1007/s10953-006-8942-3).

W. Hiscock and F.J. Millero, Alkalinity of the Anoxic Waters in the Western Black Sea, Deep-Sea Res. II, 53. 1787-1801, 2006.

Lee, K., L.T. Tong, F.J. Millero, C.L. Sabine, A.G. Dickson, C. Goyet, G.-H. Park, R. Wanninkhof, R.A. Feely, and R.M. Key, Global relationships of total alkalinity with salinity and temperature in surface waters of the world's oceans. Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L19605, doi: 10.1029/2006GL027207, 2006.

F. J. Millero, T. B. Graham, F. Huang, H. Bustos-Serrano, D. Pierrot, Dissociation constants of carbonic acid in seawater as a function of salinity and temperature, Mar. Chem. 100, 80-94, 2006.

M. Pettine, D. Tonnina and F.J. Millero, Chromium (VI) reduction by sulphur (IV) in aqueous solutions, Mar. Chem. 99, 31-41, 2006.

J. M. Santana-Casiano, M. González-Dávila,  and F. J. Millero, The role of Fe(II) species on the oxidation of Fe(II) in natural waters in the presence of O2 and H2O2, Mar. Chem.,  99, 70-82, 2006.

V.K. Sharma, A. Moulin, F.J. Millero and C. De Stefano, Dissociation constants of protonated cysteine species in seawater media, Mar. Chem., 99, 52-61, 2006.


V.G. Caccia, F.J. Millero, Distribution of yttrium and rare earths in Florida Bay sediments, Mar. Chem., 104, 171-185, 2007, DOI information: 10.1016/j.marchem.2006.11.001.

M. Chanson and F.J. Millero, Effect of filtration on the total alkalinity of open-ocean seawater, Limnol. Oceanogr.: Methods, 5, 293-295, 2007.

M. González-Dávila, J.M. Santana-Casiano and F.J. Millero, Use of Pitzer equations to examine the formation of Mercury(II) hydroxide and chloride complexes in NaClO4 media, Aquat. Geochem, 13, 339-355, DOI 10.1007/s10498-007-9023-y, 2007.

Y. Luo and F.J. Millero, Stability constants for the formation of lead chloride complexes as a function of temperature and ionic strength, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71, 326-334, 2007.

F.J. Millero, The marine inorganic carbon cycle, Chem. Rev., 107, 308-341, 2007.

F.J. Millero and D. Pierrot, The activity coefficients of Fe(III) complexes with hydroxide in NaCl and NaClO4 solutions, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, doi:10.1016/j.gca.2007.08.005, 71, 4825-4833, 2007.

F.J. Millero, F. Huang, T. Graham, D. Pierrot, The dissociation of carbonic acid in NaCl solutions as a function of concentration and temperature, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 71, 46-55,  doi:10.1016/j.gca.2006.08.04, 2007.

V.K. Sharma, F.J. Millero, C. De Stefano, P. Crea, Dissociation constants of protonated methionine species in seawater media, Mar. Chem. 106, 463-470, 2007.

J.M. Trapp and F.J. Millero, The oxidation of iron (II) with oxygen in NaCl brines, J. Solution Chem., 36, 1479-1493, DOI 10.1007/s10953-007-9192-8, 2007.


C. Bretti, C. De Stefano, F.J. Millero and S. Sammartano.  Modelling of protonation constants of linear aliphatic dicarboxylates containing –S- groups in aqueous chloride salts, at different ionic strengths, using SIT and Pitzer equations, and empirical relationships,  J. Sol. Chem., 37, 763-784, 2008.

P. Crea, C. De Stefano, M. Kambarami, F.J. Millero and V.K. Sharma, Effect of ionic strength and temperature on the protonation of oxidized glutathione, J. Solution Chem. 37, 1245-1259, DOI 10.1007/s10953-008-9310-2, 2008.

D.K. Gledhill, R. Wanninkhof, F.J. Millero, M. Eakin, Ocean Acidification of the greater Caribbean region 1996-2006, J. Geophys. Res. 113, C10031, Doi: 10.1029/2007JC004629, 2008.

F.J. Millero, R. Feistel, D.G. Wright, T.J. McDougall, The composition of Standard Seawater and the definition of the Reference-Composition Salinity Scale, Deep-Sea Res. I, 55, 50-72, DOI:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.01006, 2008.

F.J. Millero, J. Waters, R. Woosley, F. Huang, M. Chanson, The effect of composition on the density of Indian Ocean waters, Deep-Sea-Res. I, 55, 460-470,  doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.01.006, 2008.

F.J. Millero, A. Mirzaliyev, J. Safarov, F. Huang, M. Chanson, A. Shahverdiyev, E. Hassel, The Equation of State for Caspian Sea Water, Aquat. Geochem. 14:28-299, DOI: 10.1007/s10498-008-9037-0, 2008.

M. Pettine, F. Gennari, L. Campanella, F.J. Millero, The effect of organic compounds in the oxidation kinetics of CR(III) by H2O2, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 72, 5692-5707, 2008.

C.L. Sabine, R.A. Feely, F.J. Millero, A.G. Dickson, C. Langdon, S. Mecking and D. Greeley, Decadal Changes in Pacific Carbon, J. Geophys. Res. – Oceans, 113, C07021, doi:10.1029/2007JC004577, 2008.

J.M. Santana-Casiano, M. González-Dávila and F.J. Millero, The examination of the activity coefficents of Cu(II) complexes with OH- and Cl- in NaClO4 using Pitzer equations: application to other divalent cations, J. Sol. Chem., 37, 749-762, DOI 10.1007/s10953-008-9274-2, 2008.


H. Bustos-Serrano, J.W. Morse and F.J. Millero, The formation of whitings on the Little Bahama Bank, Mar. Chem., 113, 1-8, 2009, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2008.10.006.

M. González-Dávila, J.M. Santana-Casiano, A.G. González, N. Pérez, F.J. Millero, Oxidation of copper(I) in seawater at nanomolar levels, Mar. Chem. 115, 118-124, 2009.

G. M. Marion, F. J. Millero, and R. Feistel. Precipitation of solid phase calcium carbonates and their effect on application of seawater SA-T-P models Ocean Sci., 5, 285-291, 2009,

T.J. McDougall, D.R. Jackett, and F.J. Millero, An algorithm for estimating Absolute Salinity in the global ocean, Ocean Sci. Discuss, 6, 215-242, 2009,

F.J. Millero, The use of the Pitzer equations to examine the dissociation of TRIS in NaCl soutions, Chem. Eng.  Data, 54(2), 342-344, 2009.

F.J. Millero, Thermodynamic and kinetic processes of natural brines, Aquatic Geochem., 15, 7-41, DOI 10.1007/s10498-008-9053-0, 2009.

F.J. Millero and F. Huang, The density of seawaters as a function of salinity (5 to 70 g kg-1) and temperature (273.15 to 363.15K), Ocean Sci., 5, 91-100, 2009. (Corrigendum 18 Mar 2010).

F.J. Millero and R. Woosley, The hydrolysis of Al(III) in NaCl solutions-A Model for Fe(III), Environ. Sci. Technol, 43(6), 1818-1823, 2009.

F. J. Millero, B. DiTrolio, A.F. Suarez and G. Lando, Spectroscopic measurements of pH in NaCl, Geochem. Cosmochim. Acta, 73, 3109-3114, 2009.

F.J. Millero, F. Huang, N. Williams, J. Waters and R. Woosley, The effect of composition on the density of South Pacific Ocean waters, Mar. Chem., 114, 56-62, 2009.

F.J. Millero, R. Woosley, B. DiTrolio and J. Waters, Effect of ocean acidification on the speciation of metals in natural waters,  Oceanography, 22(4), 72-85, 2009.

J. Safarov, F. Millero, R. Feistel, A. Heintz, and E. Hassel, Thermodynamic properties of standard seawater:  Extensions to high temperatures and pressures, Ocean Sci. 5, 235-246, 2009.

R.W. Wilson, F.J. Millero, J.R. Taylor, P.J. Walsh, V. Christensen, S. Jennings, and M. Grosell, Contribution of fish to the marine inorganic carbon cycle, Science 323, 359-362, DOI: 10.1126/science.1157972, 2009.


B. Boeher, P. Herzsprung, M. Schultze, and F.J. Millero, Calculating density of water in geochemical lake stratification models, Limnol. & Oceanogr.: Methods, Accepted September 20, 2010.

R.H. Byrne, W. Yao, Y. Luo and F.J. Millero, Complexaion of Pb(II) by chloride ions in aqueous solutions. Aquat. Geochem. 16, 325-335, DOI 10.1007/s10498-010-9101-4, 2010.

B. Casentini, M. Pettine and F.J. Millero, Release of arsenic from volcanic rocks through interactions with inorganic anions and organic ligands, Aquat. Geochem. 16, 373-393,  DOI 10.1007/s10498-010-9090-3, 2010.

P. Crea, C. De Stefano, F.J. Millero, S. Sammartano and V.K. Sharma, Dissociation constants of protonated oxidized glutathione in seawater media at different temperature and salinities, Aquat. Geochem. 16, 447-466, DOI 10.1007/s10498-010-9093-0, 2010.

IOC, SCOR and IAPSO, 2010: The international thermodynamic equation of seawater - 2010: Calculation and use of thermodynamic properties.  Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, Manuals and Guides No. 56,UNESCO (English), 171pp.  Available from authors: T.J. McDougall, R. Feistel, D. G. Wright, R. Pawlowicz, F.J. Millero, D. R. Jackett, B. A. King, G. M. Marion, S. Seitz, P. Spitzer, C.-T. A. Chen, The International Thermodynamic Equation of Seawater 2010 (TEOS-10), 2010.

K. Lee, T.-W. Kim, R.H. Byrne, F.J. Millero, R.A. Feely, M.-M. Liu, The universal ratio of boron to chlorinity for the North Pacific and North Atlantic Oceans, Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 74, 1801-1811, 2010.

F.J. Millero, Carbonate constants for estuarine waters, Mar. Freshwater Res., 61, 139-142,  DOI: 10.1071/MF09254, 2010.

Millero, F.J., History of the Equation of State of Seawater, Oceanography, 23(3), 18-33, 2010

Millero, F.J., Thoughts of John W. Morse, a friend and colleague, Mar. Chem. 121, 1, 2010.

F.J. Millero and B. DiTrolio,  Use of thermodynamics in examining  the effects of ocean acidification, Elements, 6(5), 293-297, DOI: 10.211/gselements.6.5.293.

F.J. Millero, F. Huang, Antonio Lo Surdo and F. Vinokurova, Partial Molal volumes and compressibilities of phosphoric acid and sodium phosphates in 0.725 mola NaCl at 25oC, J. Phys. Chem. In press.

F.J. Millero, J.M. Santana-Casiano and M. González-Dávila, The formation of Cu(II) complexes with carbonate and bicarbonate ions in NaClO4 solutions, J. Solution Chem. 39, 543-558, DOI 10.1007/s10953-010-9523-z, 2010.

National Research Council of the National Academies: authors - F.M. Morel, D. Archer, J.P. Barry, G.D. Brewer, J.E. Corredor, S.C. Doney, V. J. Fabry, G.E. Hofmann, D.S. Holland, J.A. Kleypas, F.J. Millero, U. Riebessel, Ocean Acidification: A National Strategy to Meet the Challenges of a Changing Ocean, National Academies Press, Washington, DC, pp., 2010.

R. Pawlowicz, D.G. Wright and F.J. Millero, The effects of biogeochemical processes on oceanic conductivity/salinity/density relationships and the characterization of real seawater, Ocean Sci. Discuss, 7, 773-836, 2010,

J.M. Santana-Casiano, M. González-Dávila, A.G. González, and F.J. Millero, Fe(III) reduction in the presence of catechol in seawater, Aquat. Geochem. 16, 467-482, DOI 10.1007/s10498-009-9088-x, 2010.

J.M. Santana-Casiano, M. González-Dávila and F.J. Millero,  Comment on “Oxygenation of Fe(II) in natural waters revisited:  Kinetic modeling approaches, rate constant estimation and the importance of various reaction pathways” by Pham and Waite (2008), Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta, 74(17), 5150-5153, 2010, doi:10.1016/,12.032.

J.M. Trapp, F.J. Millero and J.M. Prospero, Temporal variability of the elemental composition of African dust measured in trade wind aerosols at Barbados and Miami, Mar. Chem., 120, 71-82, doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2008.10.004, 2010

J. M. Trapp, F. J. Millero, and J. M. Prospero, Trends in the solubility of iron in dust-dominated aerosols in the Equatorial Atlantic Trade Winds: The importance of iron speciation and sources, Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst. 11, Q03014, doi:10.1029/2009GC002651.

R. Woosley and F.J. Millero, The hydrolysis of Al(III) in NaCl solutions-A model for M(II), M(III) and M(IV) ions, Aquat. Geochem. 16, 317-324,  DOI: 10.1007/s10498-009-9075-2, 2010.

  • Rodriguez, Carmen
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