Publications

Ling, J., P. Bauer, P. Bechtold, A. Beljaars, R. Forbes, F. Vitart, M. Ulate, C. Zhang, 2014: Global vs. Local MJO Forecast Skill of the ECMWF model during DYNAMO. Mon. Wea. Rev., accepted.(manuscript)

Gottschalck, J., P.E. Roundy, C.J. Schreck III, A. Vintzileos, and C, Zhang, 2013: Large-Scale Atmospheric and Oceanic Conditions During the 2011-12 DYNAMO Field Campaign. Mon. Wea. Rev., 141, 4173-4196.(reprint)

Yoneyama, K., C. Zhang, and C.N. Long, 2013: Tracking pulses of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., accepted. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 2013: Madden-Julian Oscillation: Bridging Weather and Climate. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 94, 1849-1870. (reprint)

Ling, J., C. Zhang, and P. Bechtold, 2013: Large-Scale Distinctions Between MJO and non-MJO Convective Initiation over the Tropical Indian Ocean. J. Atmos. Sci., 70, 2696-2712. (reprint)

Zermeno, D., and C. Zhang, 2013: Possible Root Causes of the Surface Westerly Biases over the Equatorial Atlantic in Global Climate Models. J. Climate, 26, 8154-8168. (reprint)

Zhang, C., J. Gottschalck, E.D. Maloney, M.W. Moncrieff, F.Vitart, D.E. Waliser, B. Wang, M.C. Wheeler, 2013: Cracking the MJO Nut. Geophys. Res. Lttr., DOI: 10.1002/grl.50244. (reprint)

Ling, J., and C. Zhang, 2013: Diabatic heating profiles in recent global reanalyses. J. Clim. 26, 3307-3325. (reprint)

Chattopadhyay, R., A. Vintzileos, and Chidong Zhang, 2013: A Description of the Madden Julian Oscillation Based on Self Organizing Map. J. Climate, 26, 1716-1732. (reprint)

Kapur, A. and C. Zhang, 2012: Multiplicative MJO Forcing of ENSO. J. Clim., 8132-8147. (reprint)

Reid, J. S., Xian, P., Hyer, E. J., Flatau, M. K., Ramirez, E. M., Turk, F. J., Sampson, C. R., Zhang, C., Fukada, E. M., and Maloney, E. D.: Multi-scale meteorological conceptual analysis of observed active fire hotspot activity and smoke optical depth in the Maritime Continent, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 2117-2147, doi:10.5194/acp-12-2117-2012, 2012. (reprint)

Tao, W.-K., J.-P. Chen, Z.-Q. Li, C. Wang, and C. Zhang, 2012: Impact of Aerosols on Convective Clouds and Precipitation. Geophy. Rev., accepted. (reprint)

Adams, A.M., J.M. Prospero, and C. Zhang, 2012: CALIPSO Derived Three-Dimensional Structure of Aerosol over Atlantic Basin and Adjacent Continents. J. Clim., 25, 6862-6879. (reprint)

Zhang, C., and J. Ling, 2012: Potential vorticity of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Atmos. Sci., 69, 65-78. (reprint)

Nguyen, H., C.D. Thorncroft, and C. Zhang, 2011: Guinean coastal rainfall of the West African Monsoon. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 137, 1828-1840. (reprint)

Kapur, A. C. Zhang, J. Zavala-Garay, H. H. Hendon, 2011: Role of stochastic forcing in ENSO in observations and a coupled GCM. Clim. Dyn., DOI 10.1007/s00382-011-1070-9. (reprint)

Thorncroft, C.D., H. Nguyen, C. Zhang, and P. Peyrille, 2011: Annual Cycle of the West African Monsoon - Regional Circulations and Associated Water Vapor Transport. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 137, 129-147. (reprint)

Ling, J., and C. Zhang, 2011: Structural evolution in heating profiles of the MJO in global reanalyses and TRMM retrievals. J. Clim., 24, 825-842. (reprint)

Nolan, D.S., S.W. Powell, C. Zhang, and B.E. Mapes, 2010: Idealized Simulations of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and its Multi-level, Cross-Equatorial Flows. J. Atm. Sci., 67, 4028-4053. (reprint)

Zhang, C., J. Ling, S.M. Hagos, W.-K. Tao, S. Lang, Y.N. Takayabu, S. Shige, M. Katsumata, W.S. Olson, and T. L'Ecuyer, 2010: MJO Signals in Latent Heating: Results from TRMM Retrievals. J. Atmos. Sci., 67, 3488-3508. (reprint).

Ray, P., C. Zhang, M.W. Moncrieff, J. Dudhia, J.M. Caron, L.R. Leung, and C. Bruyere, 2010: Role of the atmospheric mean state on the initiation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation in a tropical channel model. Clim. Dyn., 35, DOI 10.1007/s00382-010-0859-2. (reprint)

Hagos, S., and C. Zhang, 2010: Diabatic Heating, Divergent Circulation and Moisture Transport in The African Monsoon System. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 136(s1), 411-425. (reprint).

Huang, J., C. Zhang, and J. Prospero, 2010: African Dust Outbreaks: A satellite perspective of temporal and Spatial Variability over the Tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophy. Res., 115, D05202, doi:10.1029/2009JD012516, 2010. (reprint).

Ray, P., and C. Zhang, 2010: A Case Study on the Mechanisms of Extratropical Influence on the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Atm. Sci., 67, 515-528. (reprint)

Hagos, S., C. Zhang, W.-K. Tao, S. Lang, Y. N. Takayabu, S. Shige, and M. Katsumata, 2010: Estimates of Tropical Latent Heating Profiles: Commonalities and Uncertainties. J. Climate, 23, 542-558. (reprint).

Huang, H., A. Adams, C. Wang, C. Zhang, 2009: Aerosol and West African Monsoon Precipitation: Observations and Simulations. Annales Geophysicae, 27, 4171-4181. (reprint).

Zhang, C., and S. Hagos, 2009: Bi-Modal Structure and Variability of Large-Scale Diabatic Heating in the Tropics. J. Atmos. Sci., 66, 3621-3640. (reprint).

Huang, J., C. Zhang, and J. Prospero, 2009: African aerosol and large-scale precipitation variability in the West African Monsoon. Environmental Research Letters, accepted, (reprint).

US CLIVAR Madden-Julian Oscillation Working Group (L. Donner, J. Gottschalck, H. Hendon, W. Higgins, I. Kang, D. Kim, D. Legler, E. Maloney, M.Moncrieff, S. Schubert, K. Sperber, W. Stern, F. Vitart, D. Waliser, B. Wang, W. Wang, K.Weickmann, M. Wheeler, S. Woolnough, C. Zhang), 2009: MJO Simulation Diagnostics, J. Clim., 22, 3006-3030. (reprint).

Huang, J., C. Zhang, and J. Prospero, 2009: Aerosol-Induced Large-Scale Variability in Precipitation over the Tropical Atlantic. J. Clim, 22, 4970-4988. (reprint).

Huang, J., C. Zhang, and J. Prospero, 2009: Large-Scale Effect of Aerosol on Precipitation in the West African Monsoon Region. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc., 135, 581-594.(reprint)

Gu. G. and C. Zhang, 2009: A Space-Time Wavelet Spectrum Analysis and Its Application to Tropical Atmospheric Waves/Oscillations. Current Development in Theory and Applications of Wavelets, 2, 125-136. (manuscript)

Ray, P., C. Zhang, J. Dudhia, S.S. Chen, 2009: A Numerical Case Study on the Initiation of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Atm. Sci., 66, 310-331. (reprint)

Li, C., X. Jia, J. Ling, W. Zhou, and C. Zhang, 2009: Sensitivity of MJO simulations to convective heating profiles. Clim. Dyn., 32, 167-187. (reprint)

Zhang, C., D.S. Nolan, C.D. Thorncroft, and H. Nguyen, 2008: Shallow meridional circulations in the tropical atmosphere. J. Climate, 21, 3453-3470.(reprint)

Zavala-Garay J., C. Zhang, A. M. Moore, A. Wittenberg, M. Harrison, A. Rosati, A.T. Weaver, and J. Vialard, 2008: Sensitivity of hybrid ENSO models to uncoupled atmospheric variability. J. Climate, 21, 3704-3721. (reprint)

Nolan, S.D., C. Zhang, and S.-H.Chen, 2007: Dynamics of the Shallow Circulation Around ITCZ Regions. J. Atm. Sci., 64, 2262-2285. (reprint)

Mestas-Nunez, A. M., D.B. Enfield, C. Zhang, 2007: Water Vapor Fluxes over the Intra-Americas Sea: Seasonal and Interannual Variability and Associations with Rainfall. J. Clim., 20, 1918-1930. (reprint)

Hendon, H.H., M.C. Wheeler, and C. Zhang, 2007: Seasonal Dependence of the MJO-El Nino Relationship. J. Clim., 20, 531-543. (reprint)

Zhang, C., P. Woodworth, and G. Gu, 2006: The seasonal cycle in the lower troposphere over West Africa from sounding observations. Q.J.Roy.Meteorol.Soc., 132, 2561-2584. (reprint)

Vera, C., W. Higgins, J. Amador, T. Ambrizzi, R. Garreaud, D. Gochis, D. Gutzler, D. Lettenmaier, J. Marengo, C. R. Mechoso, J. Nogues-Paegle, P. L. Silva Dias, and C. Zhang., 2006: Toward a Unified View of the American Monsoon Systems, J. Clim. 19, 4977-5000. (reprint)

Zhang, C, M. Dong, S. Gualdi, H. H. Hendon, E. D. Maloney, A. Marshall, K. R. Sperber, and W. Wang, 2006: Simulations of the Madden-Julian Oscillation by Four Pairs of Coupled and Uncoupled Global Models. Climate Dynamics, 27, 573-592. DOI: 10.1007/s00382-006-0148-2. (reprint)

Higgins, W., D. Ahijevych, J. Amador, A. Barros, E. H. Berbery, E. Caetano, R. Carbone, P. Ciesielski, R. Cifelli, M. Cortez-Vazquez, A. Douglas, M. Douglas, G. Emmanuel, C. Fairall, D. Gochis, D. Gutzler, T. Jackson, R. Johnson, C. King, T. Lang, M.-I. Lee, D. Lettenmaier, R. Lobato, V. Magana, J. Meiten, K. Mo, S. Nesbitt, F. Ocampo-Torres, E. Pytlak, P. Rogers, S. Rutledge, J. Schemm, S. Schubert, A. White, C. Williams, A. Wood, R. Zamora, and C. Zhang, 2006: The North American Monsoon Experiment (NAME) 2004 field campaign and modeling study. Bull. Amer. Met Soc., 87,. 79-94. (reprint)

Mestas-Nunez, A. M., C. Zhang, D.B. Enfield, 2005: Uncertainties in Estimating Moisture Fluxes over the Intra-Americas Sea. J. Hydromet, 6, 696 - 709. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 2005: Madden-Julian Oscillation. Rev. Geophys, 43, RG2003, doi:10.1029/2004RG000158, 2005. (reprint)

Zavala-Garay, J., C. Zhang, A.M. Moore, and R. Kleeman, 2005: On the linear response of ENSO to the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Climate, 18, 2441-2459. (reprint)

Zhang, C. and J. Pennington, 2004: African dry-air outbreaks. JGR, 109, D20108, doi:10.1029/2003JD003978. (reprint)

McGauley, M., C. Zhang, and N.A. Bond, 2004: Large-scale characteristics of the atmospheric boundary layer in the eastern Pacific cold tongue/ITCZ region. J. Climate, 17, 3907-3920. (reprint)

Zhang, C. and M. Dong, 2004: Seasonality of the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Climate, 17, 3169-3180. (reprint)

Yano, J.-I., R. Blender, C. Zhang, and K. Fraedrich, 2004: 1/f-Noise and pulse-like events in the tropical atmospheric surface variabilities. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 130, 1697-1721. (reprint)

Zhang, C., M. McGauley, and N.A. Bond, 2004: Shallow meridional ciruclation in the tropical eastern Pacific J. Climate, 17, 133-139. (reprint)

Zhang, C., and S.P. Anderson, 2003: Sensitivity of intraseasonal perturbations in SST to the structure of the MJO. J. Atmos. Sci., 60, 2196-2207. (reprint)

Zhang, C., B.E. Mapes, and B.J. Soden, 2003: Bimodality in tropical water vapor. QJRMS, 129, 2847-2866. (reprint)

Gu, G. and C. Zhang, 2002: Cloud components of the ITCZ. J. Geophy. Res., 107(D21), 4565, doi:10.1029/2002JD002089. (reprint)

Zhang, C., and J. Gottschalck, 2002: SST anomalies of ENSO and the Madden-Julian Oscillation in the equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 15, 2429-2445.(reprint)

Gu. G., and C. Zhang, 2002: Westward-propagating synoptic-scale disturbances and the ITCZ.  J. Atmos. Sci., 59, 1062-1075. (reprint)

Gu. G., and C. Zhang, 2001: A spectral analysis of westward-propagating synoptic-scale disturbances in the ITCZ. J. Climate, 14, 2725-2739. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 2001: Intraseasonal perturbations in sea surface temperatures of the equatorial eastern Pacific and their association with the Madden-Julian Oscillation. J. Climate, 14, 1309-1322. (reprint)

Zhang, C., H.H. Hendon, W.S. Kessler, and A. Rosati, 2001: A workshop on the MJO and ENSO. Bull. Ameri. Metero. Soc. , 82, 971-976. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 2001: Double ITCZs. J. Geophy. Res. , 106, 11,785-11,792. (reprint)

Zhang, C., and M. J. McPhaden, 2000: Intraseasonal surface cooling in the equatorial western Pacific. J. Climate, 13, 2261-2276. (reprint)

Krishnan, R., C. Zhang, and M. Sugi, 2000: Dynamics of breaks in the Indian summer monsoon. J. Atmos. Sci., 57, 1354-1372. (reprint)

Zhang, C., and M.-D. Chou, 1999: Variability of water vapor, infrared radiative cooling, and atmospheric instability for deep convection in the equatorial western Pacific. J. Atmos. Sci., 56, 711-723. (reprint)

Hendon, H. H., C. Zhang, and J. Glick, 1999: Interannual variation of the Madden-Julian oscillation during austral summer. J. Climate, 12, 2538-2550. (reprint)

Zhang, C. and H.H. Hendon, 1997: Propagating and stationary components of the intraseasonal oscillation in tropical convection. J. Atmos. Sci.,54, 753-767. (reprint)

Brown, R. G., and C. Zhang, 1997: Variability of midtropospheric humidity and its effect on cloud-top height distribution during TOGA COARE. J. Atmos. Sci., 54, 2760-2774. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 1997: Intraseasonal variability of the upper-ocean temperature structure observed at 0 and 165E. J. Climate, 10, 3077-3092. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 1996: Atmospheric intraseasonal variability at the surface in the western Pacific Ocean. J. Atmos. Sci., 53, 739-785. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 1993: Large-scale variability of atmospheric deep convection in relation to sea surface temperature in the tropics. J. Climate, 6, 1898-1913. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 1993: On the annual cycle in highest clouds in the tropics. J. Climate, 6, 1987-1990. (reprint)

Zhang, C., 1993: Laterally forced equatorial perturbations in a linear model. Part II: Mobile forcing. J. Atmos. Sci., 49, 585-607. (reprint)

Zhang, C. and P.J. Webster, 1992: Laterally forced equatorial perturbations in a linear model. Part I: Stationary transient forcing. J. Atmos. Sci.,49, 585-607. (reprint)

Zhang, C. and P.J. Webster, 1989: Effects of zonal flows on equatorially trapped waves. J. Atmos. Sci.,46, 3632-3652. (reprint)

Paegle, J., C. Zhang, and D.P. Baumhefner, 1987: Atmospheric response to tropical thermal forcing in real data integrations. Mon. Wea. Rev.,115,2976-2995. (reprint)

Buchman, J., L.E. Buja, J. Paegle, C. Zhang, and D.P. Baumhefner, 1986: FGGE forecast experiments for Amazon Basin rainfall. Mon. Wea. Rev.,114,1625-1641. (reprint)