People

William Johns

William Johns

Professor, Department of Ocean Sciences

RSMAS/MPO
University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

MSC 375

Tel: 305.421.4054
bjohns@rsmas.miami.edu

Lab Website

Google Scholar Page

Dr. Johns is a seagoing oceanographer specializing in the use of long-term moored instrumentation to study ocean circulation. His research involves studies of the large-scale wind-driven circulation, with emphasis on the dynamics of western boundary currents, and on deep flows related to the global thermohaline circulation and climate variability. Dr. Johns also studies the dynamics of straits and the exchange processes between the oceans and marginal seas, including marginal sea overflows. Research programs are currently underway in several regions of the Atlantic Ocean, including the Bahamas, the Equatorial Atlantic, and the major Caribbean passages. Other active research areas include the Red Sea, the Arabian Gulf, and the Gulf of Aden in the western Indian Ocean.

2014


Johns, W. E., P. Brandt, B. Bourlès, A. Tantet, A. Papapostolou, and A. Houk, 2014: Zonal structure and seasonal variability of the Atlantic Equatorial Undercurrent. Climate Dynamics, 1-23.  doi: 10.1007/s00382-014-2136-2.

Smeed, D. A., McCarthy, G. D., Cunningham, S. A., Frajka-Williams, E., Rayner, D., Johns, W. E., Meinen, C. S., Baringer, M. O., Moat, B. I., Duchez, A., and Bryden, H. L., 2014. Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004¬-2012, Ocean Sci., 10, 29-38, doi:10.5194/os-10-29-2014, 2014.

Zhao, J., and W. E. Johns, 2014. Wind-forced interannual variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation at 26.5°N, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 2403–2419, doi:10.1002/2013JC009407.

Zhao, J., and W. E. Johns, 2014. Wind-Driven Seasonal Cycle of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 44, 1541–1562. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-0144.1


2013

Blunden, J., and Coauthors, 2013: State of the Climate in 2012. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, S1-S238.

Brandt, P.,  M. Araujo, B. Bourlès, P. Chang, M. Dengler, W.E. Johns, A. Lazar, C.F. Lumpkin, M.J. McPhaden, P. Nobre, L. Terray, 2013. Tropical Atlantic Climate Experiment (TACE), CLIVAR Exchanges, 18 (61; 1), p. 26-31. ISSN 1026-0471.

Cunningham, S.A., C. D. Roberts, E. Frajka-Williams, W. E. Johns, W. Hobbs, M. D. Palmer, D. Rayner,  D. A. Smeed, and G. McCarthy, 2014. Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett., 40(23), 6202-6207.

Frajka-Williams, E., W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, and S. A. Cunningham, 2013: Eddy impacts on the Florida Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 349-353.
Han, M., I. Kamenkovich, T. Radko, and W. E. Johns, 2013: Relationship between Air-Sea Density Flux and Isopycnal Meridional Overturning Circulation in a Warming Climate. Journal of Climate, 26, 2683-2699.
Meinen, C. S., W. E. Johns, S. L. Garzoli, E. van Sebille, D. Rayner, T. Kanzow, and M. O. Baringer, 2013: Variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current at 26.5 degrees N during 2004-2009. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 85, 154-168.
Msadek, R., W. E. Johns, S. G. Yeager, G. Danabasoglu, T. L. Delworth, and A. Rosati, 2013: The Atlantic Meridional Heat Transport at 26.5 degrees N and Its Relationship with the MOC in the RAPID Array and the GFDL and NCAR Coupled Models. Journal of Climate, 26, 4335-4356.


2012
Achberger, C., and Coauthors, 2012: STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2011 Special Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society Vol. 93, No. 7, July 2012. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, S1-+.
Johns, W. E., and S. S. Sofianos, 2012: Atmospherically Forced Exchange through the Bab el Mandeb Strait. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42.
McCarthy, G., and Coauthors, 2012: Observed interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5 degrees N. Geophysical Research Letters, 39.
Perez, R. C., R. Lumpkin, W. E. Johns, G. R. Foltz, and V. Hormann, 2012: Interannual variations of Atlantic tropical instability waves. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.
van Sebille, E., W. E. Johns, and L. M. Beal, 2012: Does the vorticity flux from Agulhas rings control the zonal pathway of NADW across the South Atlantic? Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117.


2011
Baringer, M. O., T. O. Kanzow, C. S. Meinen, S. A. Cunningham, D. Rayner, W. E. Johns, H. L. Bryden, Eleanor Faika-Williams, J. J-M. Hirschi, M. P. Chidichimo,L. M. Beal and J. Marotzke, 2011.  Meridional Overturning Circulation Observations in the Subtropical North Atlantic, in State of the Climate in 2010, Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt, M. O. Baringer  (eds.), Bull. Am. Met. Soc., 92, S95–S98.  doi: 10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1
Castelao, G. P., and W. E. Johns, 2011: Sea surface structure of North Brazil Current rings derived from shipboard and moored acoustic Doppler current profiler observations. J. Geophys. Res., 116.
Ilicak, M., T. M. Ozgokmen, and W. E. Johns, 2011: How does the Red Sea outflow water interact with Gulf of Aden Eddies? Ocean Modelling, 36, 133-148.

Johns, W.E., M. O. Baringer, L. M. Beal, S. A. Cunningham, T. Kanzow, H. L. Bryden, J. J. M. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, C. S. Meinen, B. Shaw, and R. Curry, 2011: Continuous, array-based estimates of Atlantic Ocean heat transport at 26.5°N. J. Climate, 24, 2429-2449, doi: 10.1175/2010JCLI3997.1

Kadko, D., and W. E. Johns, 2011: Inferring upwelling rates in the equatorial Atlantic using 7Be measurements in the upper ocean. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 58(6), 647-657.

Rayner, D., and Coauthors, 2011: Monitoring the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58, 1744-1753.

van Sebille, E., L. M. Beal, and W. E. Johns, 2011: Advective time scales of Agulhas leakage to the North Atlantic in surface drifter observations and the 3D OFES model.
J. Phys. Oceanogr., 41, 1026-1034.
van Sebille, E., M. O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, L. M. Beal, M. F. de Jong, and H. M. van Aken, 2011: Propagation pathways of classical Labrador Sea water from its source region to 26 degrees N. J. Geophys. Res.- Oceans, 116.

2010
Chidichimo, M. P., T. Kanzow, S. A. Cunningham, W. E. Johns, and J. Marotzke, 2010: The  contribution of eastern-boundary density variations to the Atlantic meridional overturning  circulation at 26.5 degrees N. Ocean Science, 6, 475-490.
Kanzow, T., and Coauthors, 2010: Seasonal Variability of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning  Circulation at 26.5 degrees N. Journal of Climate, 23, 5678-5698.

Yao, F. C., and W. E. Johns, 2010a: A HYCOM modeling study of the Persian Gulf: 1. Model  configurations and surface circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 115.

Yao, F. C., and W. E. Johns, 2010b: A HYCOM modeling study of the Persian Gulf: 2. Formation and  export of Persian Gulf Water. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 115.

2009
Casal, T. G. D., L. M. Beal, R. Lumpkin, and W. E. Johns, 2009: Structure and downstream evolution of  the Agulhas Current system during a quasi-synoptic survey in February-March 2003. Journal of  Geophysical Research-Oceans, 114.

DiNezio, P. N., L. J. Gramer, W. E. Johns, C. S. Meinen, and M. O. Baringer, 2009: Observed  Interannual Variability of the Florida Current: Wind Forcing and the North Atlantic Oscillation.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39, 721-736.

Kanzow, T., and Coauthors, 2009: Basinwide Integrated Volume Transports in an Eddy-Filled Ocean.  Journal of Physical Oceanography, 39, 3091-3110.

Parks, A. B., L. K. Shay, W. E. Johns, J. Martinez-Pedraja, and K. W. Gurgel, 2009: HF radar  observations of small-scale surface current variability in the Straits of Florida. Journal of  Geophysical Research-Oceans, 114.

Peterson, T. C., and Coauthors, 2009: State of the Climate in 2008. Bulletin of the American  Meteorological Society, 90, S13-+.


2008
Johns, W.E., L.M. Beal, M.O. Baringer, J.R. Molina, S.A. Cunningham, T. Kanzow, and D. Rayner, 2008: Variability of Shallow and Deep Western Boundary Currents off the Bahamas during 2004ˆ05: Results from the 26°N RAPIDˆMOC Array. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 38, 605-623.

 

Kanzow, T., J.J-M. Hirschi, C.S. Meinen, D. Rayner, S. A. Cunningham, J. Marotzke, W.E. Johns, H.L. Bryden, L.M. Beal, M. O. Baringer (2008): A prototype system of observing the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation – scientific basis, measurement and risk mitigation strategies, and first results. Journal of Operational Oceanography, 1, 19 – 28.

2007
Cunningham, S., T. Kanzow, D. Rayner, M. O. Baringer, W. E. Johns, J. Marotzke, H. Longworth, E. Grant, J. Hirschi, L. Beal, C. S. Meinen, and H. Bryden. Temporal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25°N. Science, 317, 935-938.

Kanzow, T., S. Cunningham, D. Rayner, J. Hirschi, W.E. Johns, M. Baringer, H. Bryden, L. Beal, C. Meinen, and J. Marotzke.  Flow compensation associated with the meridional overturning circulation. Science, 317, 938-941.

Matt, S. and W. E. Johns: Transport and entrainment in the Red Sea Outflow plume. J. Phys. Oceano., 37, 819-836.

Sofianos, S. and W. E. Johns. Observations of the summer Red Sea circulation. J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 112, 20.

Olson, D.B., V.H Kourafalou, W.E, Johns, G. Samuels and M. Veneziani.  Aegean Surface Circulation from a Satellite-tracked Drifter Array. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 37, 1898-1917.

Shay, L. K., and Coauthors, 2007: Resolving coastal ocean eddy activity in surface velocity signatures  from Wellen Radars and an acoustic Doppler current profiler. 417-422 pp.


2006
Hurrell, J.W. M. Visbeck, A. Busalacchi, R.A. Clarke, T.L. Delworth, R.R. Dickson, W.E. Johns, K.P. Koltermann, T.Y. Kushnir, D. Marshall, C. Mauritzen, M.S. McCartney, A. Piola, C. Reason, G. Reverdin, F. Schott, R. Sutton, I. Wainer and D. Wright: Atlantic Climate Variability and Predictability: A CLIVAR perspective.  J. Climate, 19 (20): 5100-5121.

Peters, H., W.E. Johns: Bottom layer turbulence in the Red Sea outflow plume. J. Phys. Ocean. 36 (9): 1763-1785.

Fratantoni,  D.M., A.S. Bower, W.E.Johns , and H. Peters. Somali Current rings in the eastern Gulf of Aden. J. Geo. Res. –Ocea. 111 (C9): Art. No. C09039.

Özgökmen,T.M., P.F. Fischer, and W.E. Johns: Product water mass formation by turbulent density currents from a high-order nonhydrostatic spectral element model.  Ocean Mod., (12)1-3, 237-267.

2005
Bower, A.S., W. E. Johns, D. M. Fratantoni and H. Peters: Equilibration and circulation of Red Sea Outflow water in the Western Gulf of Aden.  J. Phys. Oceano. 35(11), 1963-1985.

Johns, W. E., T. Kanzow and R. Zantopp: Estimating ocean transports with dynamic height moorings:  An application in the Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current at 26 degrees N.  Deep Sea Res. Pt. 1-Oceanographic Res. Papers 52(8):1542-1567.

Peters, H., W. E. Johns, A. S. Bower and D. Frantantoni: Mixing and Entrainment in the Red Sea Outflow Plume. Part I: Plume Structure. J. Phys. Oceano.,  35(5), 569–583.

Peters, H. and W. E. Johns:  Mixing and entrainment in the Red Sea Outflow plume. Part II. Turbulence Characteristics.  J. Phys. Oceanogr., (35). 584-600.


Bryden, H.L., W. E. Johns and P. M. Saunders: Deep western boundary currents east of Abaco: Mean structure and transport.  J. Mar. Res., 63(1): 35-57.

Shoosmith, D.R., M.O. Baringer, W.E. Johns: A continuous record of Florida current temperature transport at 27oN. Geophys. Res. Lets., (32), L23603, doi:10.1029/2005GL024075.

2004
Fonseca, C.A., G. J. Goni, W.E. Johns, and E.J.D. Campos: Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability.  Geo. Phys. Res. Lett., 31(21), 10.1029/2004GL020054

Meinen, C.S., S.L. Garzoli, W.E. Johns, and M.O. Baringer.  Transport variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current and the Antilles Island, Bahamas.   Deep Sea Res., Pt. I, 51(11), 1397-1415.

Garzoli, S. L., A. Ffield, W.E. Johns, and Q. Yao.  North Brazil Current retroflection and transports. J. Geophys. Res., 109(C1),C01013.

Mullison, J., H. Melling, H.P. Freitag, and W. Johns.  Climate Variability Research Aided by Moored Current Profilers. Sea Tech., 45(2), 17-27, February, 2004.

2003
Johns, W. E., F. Yao, D. B. Olsen, S. A. Josey, J. P. Grist, and D. A. Smeed, 2003. Observations of seasonal exchange through the Straits of Hormuz and the inferred heat and freshwater budgets of the Persian Gulf.  J. Geophys. Res., 108(C12), 3391, 10,0029/2003JG001881.

Zhang, D., M.J. McPhaden, and W.E. Johns, 2003. Observational evidence for flow between the subtropical and tropical Atlantic: the Atlantic Subtropical Cells. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 1783-1797.

Ozgokmen, T. M., W. E. Johns, H. Peters, and S. Matt, 2003.  Turbulent mixing in the Red Sea outflow plume from a high-resolution nonhydrostatic model.  J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 1846-1869.

Sofianos, S.S. and W.E. Johns, 2003.  An Oceanic General Circulation Model (OGCM) investigation of the Red Sea circulation: 2. Three-dimensional circulation in the Red Sea.  J. Geoph. Res., 108(C3), 3066, doi: 10,1029/200IJC001185.

Johns, W., 2003.  Cross-gyre watermass transport by North Brazil Current rings. EOS Interhemispheric Water Exchange in the Atlantic Ocean, (ed. G. Goni and P. Malonette-Rizzoli) Elseiver B.V., 411-441.

Garraffo, Z.D., W. Johns, E.P. Chassignet, and G. Goni.  North Brazil rings and transport of southern waters in a High Resolution Numerical Simulation of the North Atlantic. ed. G. Goni and P. Malonette-Rizzoli) Elseiver B.V., 375-409.

Goni, G. and W. E. Johns.  Synoptic Study of warm rings in the North Brazil Current Retroflection region using Satellite Altimeter data. ed. G. Goni and P. Malonette-Rizzoli) Elseiver B.V., 335-356.

2002
Watlington, R.A., W.D. Wilson, W.E. Johns and C. Nelson. Updated bathymetric survey of Kick-‘em-Jenny submarine volcano.  Mar. Geophys. Res., 23, 271-276.

Sofianos, S., W. E. Johns, and S. P. Murray. Heat and freshwater budgets in the Red Sea from direct observations at Bab el Mandeb, Deep-Sea Res.II, 49, 1323-1340.


Zhang, D., W.E. Johns and T.N. Lee.  The seasonal cycle of meridional heat transport at 24ºN in the North Pacific and in the Global Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 109(C7), 10.1029/2001JC001011.

Wilson, D. W., W. Johns and S. L. Garzoli. Velocity structure of North Brazil Current rings. Geo. Res. Lets., 29(8), 13869.

Bower, A.S., D. M. Fratantoni, W.E. Johns, and H. Peters. Gulf of Aden  eddies and their impact on Red Sea Water Geophys. Res. Let., 29, 10.1029/2002GL015342, 2002

Johns, W. E., T.L. Townsend, D. M. Fratantoni, and W. D. Wilson, On the Atlantic Inflow to the Caribbean Sea. Deep-Sea Res., 49, 211-243.

Sofianos, S.S., and W.E. Johns, 2002.  An Oceanic General Circulation Model (OGCM) investigation of the Red Sea circulation, 1.  Exchange between the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 107(C11), 3196, doi:10,1029/200IJC001184.

Mooers, C. N. K., L. M. Gao, W. D. Wilson, W. E. Johns, K. D. Leaman, H. E. Hurlburt, and T.  Townsend, 2002: Initial concepts for IAS-GOOS. Operational Oceanography - Implementation at  the European and Regional Scales, N. C. Flemming, Ed., 379-390.


2001
Sofianos, S. and W. E. Johns, Wind induced sea level variability in the Red Sea, Geophys. Res. Lett., 28(16), 3175-3178.

Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee, D. Zhang, R. Zantopp, C-T Liu and Y. Yang: The Kuroshio east of Taiwan:  Moored transport observations from the WOCE PCM-1 Array. J. Phys. Oceano. 31(4), 1031-1053.

Yang, Y., C-T. Liu, T.N. Lee, W.E. Johns, H.W. Li and M. Koga. Sea surface slope as the estimator of the Kuroshio volume transport east of Taiwan. J. Geophys. Res. Let., 28(12), 2,461-2,464.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, C-T. Liu, D.X. Zhang, R.J. Zantopp, and Y. Yang.  Mean transport and seasonal cycle of the Kuroshio east of Taiwan with comparison to the Florida Current. J. Geophys. Res., 106(C10), 22,143 – 22,158.

Zhang, D., T.N. Lee, and W.E. Johns.  The Kuroshio east of Tiawan: Modes of variability and relationship to interior ocean mesoscale eddies.  J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 1054-1074.

Goni, G. and W. E. Johns, A Census of North Brazil Current Rings Observed from TOPEX/POSEIDON Altimetry: 1992-1998.  Geophys. Res. Let.,28(1).

2000
Pratt, L.J., H.E Deese, S.P. Murray and W.E. Johns, 2000.  Continuous Dynamical Modes in Straits Having Arbitrary Cross Sections with Applications to the Bab al Mandeb.  J. Phys. Oceano., 20, 2515-2534.

Fratantoni, D.M., H. Hurlburt, T. Townsend, and W.E. Johns. Low-latitude circulation and mass transport pathways in a model of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 30(8),  1944-1966.

1999
Pratt, L.J., W.E. Johns, S.P. Murray and K. Katsumata.  Hydraulic Interpretation of Direct Velocity Measurements in the Bab al Mandeb. J. Phys. Oceanogr.  29(11), 2769-2784.

MacCready, P., W.E. Johns, C.G. Rooth, D. Fratantoni, and R.A. Watlington. Overflow into the Deep Caribbean: Effects of Plume Variability. J. Geophys. Res, 104, 25,913-25,936.

 

1998
Johns W.E., T.N. Lee, R. Beardsley, J. Candela and B. Castro.  Annual Cycle and Variability of the North Brazil Current. J. Phys. Oceano., 28(1), 103-128.

Liu, C., S.P. Cheng, W.S. Chuang, Y. Yang, T.N. Lee, W.E. Johns and H.W. Li.  Mean structure and transport of Taiwan Current (Kuroshio).  Acta Oceanographica Taiwanica, 36(2), 159-176.

1997
Fillenbaum, E.R., T.N. Lee, W.E. Johns and R.J. Zantopp. Meridional Heat Transport Variability at 26.5°N in the North Atlantic. J.Phys.Oceanogr., 27(1),  153-174.

Wilson, W.D. and W.E. Johns. Velocity Structure and Transport in the Windward Islands Passages.  Deep-Sea Res. 44(3), 487-520.

Fratantoni, D.M., R.J. Zantopp W.E. Johns, and J.L. Miller.  Updated Bathymetry of the Anegada-Jungfern Passage Complex and Implications for Atlantic Inflow to the Abyssal Caribbean Sea.  J. Mar. Res., 55, 847-860.

Murray, S.P. and W.E. Johns. Direct Observations of Seasonal Exchange Through the Bab el Mandeb Strait. Geophys. Res. Lets.,  24(21), 2557-2560.

1996
Geyer, W.R., R.C. Beardsley, S.J. Lentz, J. Candela, R. Limeburner, and W.E. Johns.  Physical Oceanography of the Amazon Shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 16, 575-616.

Fratantoni, D.M. and W.E. Johns.  A deep-towed ADCP/CTD Instrument Package Developed for Abyssal Overflow Measurements in the Northeastern Caribbean Sea. J. Atmos. & Oceanic Tech., 13, 680-687.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, R.J. Zantopp, and E. Fillenbaum. Moored Observations of Volume Transport Variability in Western Boundary Currents of the Subtropical North Atlantic at 26.5° N. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26(6),  962-983.

1995
Johns, W.E., T. Shay, J.M. Bane and D.R. Watts. Gulf Stream structure, transport, and re-circulation near 68°W.  J. Geophys. Res., 100(C1), 817-838.

Fratantoni, D.M., W.E. Johns and T.L. Townsend. Rings of the North Brazil Current: Their Structure and Evolution from Observations and a Numerical Simulation. J. Geophys. Res., 100(C6), 10,633-10,654.

Hogg, N.G. and W.E. Johns. Western Boundary Currents. Rev. of Geophys., Suppl. 1311-1334.

1993
Johns, W.E., D. Fratantoni and R.J. Zantopp. Deep western boundary current variability off northeastern Brazil. Deep-Sea Res. 40(2), 293-310.

1992
Brown, W.S., W.E. Johns, K.D. Leaman, J.P. McCreary, R.L. Molinari, P.L. Richardson and C. Rooth. A Western Tropical Atlantic Experiment (WESTRAX). Oceanography, 5(1).

1990
Lee, T.N., W. Johns, F. Schott and R. Zantopp.  Western Boundary Current structure and variability east of Abaco, Bahamas at 26.5oN, J. Phys. Oceanogr. 20, 446-466.

Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee, F.A. Schott, R.J. Zantopp and R. Evans. The North  Brazil Current Retroflection: Seasonal Structure and Eddy Variability, J. Geophys. Res., 95(12), 22103-22120.

1988
Johns, W.E. One-dimensional baroclinically unstable waves on the observed Gulf Stream potential vorticity gradient near Cape Hatteras, Dyn. Atmos. Oceans, 11, 323-350.

Johns, W.E.. Near-surface current measurements in the Gulf Stream using an upward-looking acoustic Doppler current profiler, J. Atmos. Oceanic Tech., 5, 602-613.

1987
Johns, W.E., and F. Schott. Meandering and transport variations of the Florida Current, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 1128-1147.

Schott, F. and W.E. Johns. Half-year long measurements with a buoy-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler in the Somali Current, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 5169-5176.

1986
Johns, W.E. and D.R. Watts. Time scales and structure of topographic Rossby waves and meanders in the deep Gulf Stream, J. Mar. Res., 44, 267-290.

1985
Johns, W.E. and D.R. Watts. Gulf Stream meanders: Observations on the deep currents, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 4819-4832.

1982
Watts, D.R. and W.E. Johns. Gulf Stream meanders: Observations on propagation and growth, J. Geophys. Res., 87, 9467-9476.

18. Other works and publications:

2007
Johns, W., Cunningham, S., Kanzow, T., Bryden, H., Marotzke, J., Baringer, M., Beal, L., Meinen, C., Hirschi, J., Rayner, D. (2007), Variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during 2004-2005 as observed from the 26°N RAPID-MOC Array, EOS Trans. AGU, 88(23), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract OS43A-08.

Smith, R. H., W. E. Johns, E. M. Johns (2007), Volume transport and variability at Windward Passage, EOS Trans. AGU, 88(23), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract OS52A-08.

Johns., W., E. Johns, R. H. Smith, J. Molina (2007), Deep overflow of Atlantic waters to the Caribbean Sea through Windward Passage, EOS Trans. AGU, 88(23), Jt. Assem. Suppl., Abstract OS52A-03.

Shay, L. K., A.B. Parks, B.K. Haus, J. Martinez-Pedraja, W. E. Johns, K-W Gurgel, and T.M. Cook, 2007: Resolving coastal ocean eddy activity in surface velocity signatures from Wellen Radars and Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler. (061214-048). Oceans Meeting, 18-21 June 2007, Aberdeen, Scotland.

2006
Johns, W.E., E. Johns, R. Smith and G.P. Castelao, 2006.  Bifurcation of the Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current through the Southern Bahamas. EOS Trans. AGU, 87(36) Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS54K-04.

Castelao, G.P., and W.E. Johns, 2006.  Spatial structure and internal dynamics of North Brazil Current Rings. EOS Trans. AGU. 87(36), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS16D-29.

Matt, S., and W.E, Johns, 2006. Transport and entrainment in the Red Sea Outflow Plume. EOS Trans. AGU. 87(36), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS26K-02.

Ozgokmen, T.M., P.E. Fischer and W.E. Johns, 2006. Product water mass formation by turbulent density currents from a high-order nonhydrostatic spectral element model. EOS Trans. AGU. 87(36), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS46B-15.

Parks, A.B., L.K. Shay, W.E. Johns, T.M. Cook, B.K. Haus, and J. Martinez-Pedraja, 2006. Observing eddy activity using Wellen Radars and a moored acoustic Doppler Current Profiler in the Florida Straits. EOS Trans. AGU. 87(36), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS251-12.

Shay, L.K., T.M. Cook, B.K. Haus, J. Martinez-Pedraja, H. Peters, W.E. Johns, and K. Gurgel, 2006. Real-time surface velocity mapping using Wellen Radars in the Florida Straits. EOS Trans. AGU. 87(36), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS24B-04.

Hirschi, J., T. Kanzow, D. Rayner, S. Cunningham, H. Bryden, J. Marotzke, W. Johns, M. Baringer, C. Meinen and L. Beal, 2006. Design aspects of monitoring the meridional overturning circulation in the Subtropical North Atlantic.  EOS Trans. AGU. 87(36), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS46Q-04.

Kanzow, T., S. Cunningham, H. Bryden, D. Rayner, J. Hirschi, J. Marotzke, W. Johns, M. Baringer, C. Meinen and L. Beal, 2006. Transport variability associated with the meridional overturning circulation in the Subtropical North Atlantic.  EOS Trans. AGU. 87(36), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract, OS53M-01.

2005
Shay, L.K., T. M. Cook, B.K. Haus, K.-W. Gurgel, H. Peters, J. Martinez, T. Helzel, W.E. Johns, 2005: Real-time surface velocity mapping using Wellen radars in the Florida Straits.  The Oceanography Society (TOS)-Intâl Ocean Research Conference, Paris, France, June 3-11, 2005, (abstract/poster)

Hazeleger. W., and W.E. Johns.  TACE: Tropical Atlantic Climate Experiment. CLIVAR Exchanges, 10, 3-4

2004
Cunningham, S., H. Bryden, J. Marotzke, W. Johns and J. Hirschi.  2004.  An array to monitor the North Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26¡N, Programme and Abstracts for Challenger Conference for Marine Science, Liverpool 2004, 127.

Johns, W.E., and Z. Garraffo.  The role of the North Brazil Current Rings in interhemispheric transport in the Atlantic Ocean.  Invited, Proceedings lst General Assembly of EGU, Nice France, 25-30 April 2004.

Meinen, C.S., S.L. Garzoli W.E. Johns and M.O. Baringer, 2004. Transport variability of the Deep Western Boundary Current and the Antilles Current off Abaco Island, Bahamas. EOS Trans. AGU. 84(52), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OSF21F-09.

Peters, H., W.E. Johns, A.S. Bower, and D.M. Fratantoni, 2004. Red Sea Outflow Plume: Structure, mixing and entrainment. EOS Trans. AGU. 84(52), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS4H-01, Invited.

Bower, A.S., D.M. Fratantoni, W.E. Johns, and H. Peters, 2004. Direct observations of Red Sea water spreading in the Northwestern Indian Ocean from floats. EOS Trans. AGU. 84(52), Ocean Sci. Mtg. Suppl., Abstract OS41N-01.

2003
Johns, W.E. The role of North Brazil Current rings in the Atlantic thermohaline circulation.  Proceedings 23rd General Assembly of the IUGG, 2003.

Goni, G.J., W. E. Johns and S.L. Garzoli. Synoptic study of warm rings in the North Brazil Current retroflection region using satellite altimetry data. Proceedings 23rd General Assembly of the IUGG, 2003.

Olson, D.B., H.A. DeFerrari, W.E. Johns, L.K. Shay, and T.N. Lee.  Mesoscale modulation of cross shelf exchange in the Florida Straits.  Proceedings 23rd General Assembly of the IUGG, 2003.

Johns, W.E., S.P. Murray, S. Sofianos, D.B. Olson and F. Yao.  Exchange of the Arabian marginal seas with the Indian Ocean.  Proceedings 23rd General Assembly of the IUGG, 2003.

2002
Zhang, D., M.J. McFadden, W.E. Johns.  Interior Ocean Pycnocline Transports in the Atlantic Subtropical Cells., CLIVAR Exchanges, No. 25, Sept. 2002

Johns, W.E. The role of the North Brazil Current and its Rings in the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation. EOS Transactions, AGU, 2002.

Peters, H., W.E. Johns, and S. Matt.  The Red Sea Outflow Experiment (REDSOX): Turbulence and Mixing in t he Descending Plume.  EOS Transactions, AGU, 2002.

Bower, A., D. Fratantoni, W. Johns, and H. Peters.  The Red Sea Outflow Experiment (REDSOX): New Energetic, Large-scale Eddies in the Gulf of Aden. EOS Transactions, AGU,  2002

Ozgokmen, T.M., W. Johns, H. Peters, and S. Matt.  Turbulent Mixing in the Red Sea Outflow Plume from a High-resolution Nonhydrostatic Model.  EOS Transactions, AGU, 2002.

Zhang, D., M.J. McPhaden, and W.E. Johns.  Observational Evidence for flow between the Subtropical and Tropical Atlantic: The Atlantic Subtropical Cell.  EOS Transactions, AGU, 2002.

Johns, W.E., H. Peters, A.S. Bower and D.M. Fratantoni. Red Sea Outflow Experiment (REDSOX):  New Observations of the Descent and Spreading of Red Sea Water. EOS Transactions, AGU, 2002. 

2001
Johns, W.E., H. Peters, R. Zantopp, A. Bower and D. Fratantoni: CTD/O2 measurements collected aboard the R/V Knorr, February – March 2001: REDSOX-1. University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 2001-01, June 2001.

W.E. Johns, S.L. Garzoli, G.J. Goni. Cross-gyre water mass transport by North Brazil current rings: Results from the North Brazil Current rings experiment. IAPSO 2001

Goni, G.J. and W.E. Johns. A census of North Brazil current rings observed from Topex/Poseidon altimetry: 1992-1999. IAPSO 2001

Garraffo, Z.D., W.E. Johns, E.P. Chassignet, and G. Goni.  North Brazil eddies and their impact in the Caribbean and the Atlantic Ocean from a very high resolution North Atlantic simulation. IAPSO meeting, Mar del Plata, Argentina, Oct. 2001.

Townsend, T.L., W.E. Johns, W.J. Schmitz, Jr., H.E. Hurlburt, A.J. Wallcraft:  Investigation of the Caribbean Sea Using numerical Ocean Models and Observational Data. EOS Transactions. AGU, 82(47), 2001.

Olson, D.B., S. Chen and W. Johns, 2001: Sea-Land Breezes in the Indian Ocean from Scatterometer Data.  EOS Transactions, AGU, 2001.

2000
Johns W.E., G.A. Jacobs, J.C. Kindle, S.P. Murray and M. Carron, 2000. Arabian Marginal Seas and Gulfs - Report of a workshop held at Stennis Space Center, Miss., 11-13 May 1999. University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 2000-01, 60 pp.

Smeed, D., W.E. Johns and S.A. Josey. Heat and Freshwater Fluxes in the Arabian Gulf and Strait of Hormuz. EOS Transactions, AGU, 80(49), OS12R, 2000.

Johns, W.E., D.B. Olson, D.A. Smeed. Moored Observations of the Seasonal Exchange through the Strait of Hormuz. EOS Transactions, AGU, 80(49), OS12R, 2000.

Sofianos, S., and W.E. Johns. Investigating the Seasonal Exchange Between the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, a Numerical Model Approach.  EOS Transactions, AGU, 80(49), OS12R, 2000.

Garraffo, Z.D., W.E. Johns, E.P. Chassignet and G. Goni. Impact of North Brazilian Current rings on the Eastern Caribbean. EOS Transactions, AGU, 80(49), OS12P, 2000.

Zhang, D., W.E. Johns, T.N. Lee, and C-T. Liu.  Seasonal Cycle of Trans-Pacific Heat Flux at 24oN.  EOS Transaction, AGU, 80(49), OS310, 2000.

Sofianos, S.S. and W.E. Johns. Modeling the Seasonal Exchange Between a Semi-enclosed Sea and the Open Ocean, the Red Sea Case. Geophys. Res. Abstracts, V2, 2000.

Johns, W.E., S.S. Sofianos and S.P. Murray. The Exchange Flow at Bab el Mandeb and the Inferred Heat and Fresh Water Budgets of the Red. Sea. Geophys. Res. Abstracts, V2, 2000.

Fleurant, C., D. Wilson, W. Johns, S. Garzoli, R. Smith, D. Fratantoni, P. Richardson and G. Goni.  CTD02, LADCP and XBT measurements collected aboard the R/V Seward Johnson, February–March 1999 North Brazil Current Rings Experiment Cruise 2 (NBC02). NOAA Data Report OAR AOML-37, August 2000.

Fleurant, C., D. Wilson, W. Johns, S. Garzoli, R. Smith, D. Fratantoni, P. Richardson and G. Goni.  CTD02, LADCP and XBT measurements collected aboard the R/V Seward Johnson, December 1998 North Brazil Current Rings Experiment Cruise 3 (NBC3). NOAA Data Report OAR AOML-38, August 2000.

Fleurant, C., D. Wilson, W. Johns, S. Garzoli, R. Smith, D. Fratantoni, P. Richardson and G. Goni.  CTD02, LADCP and XBT measurements collected aboard the R/V Seward Johnson, December 1998 North Brazil Current Rings Experiment Cruise 1 (NBC1). NOAA Data Report OAR AOML-39, August 2000.

Yao, Q., S. Garzoli, R. Zantopp, and W. Johns.  North Brazil Current Rings Experiment: Time series data report.  NOAA Data Report OAR AOML-40, UM/RSMAS Technical Report 2000-04, December 2000.

1999
Johns W.E. and R.J. Zantopp Data report for the Strait of Hormuz Experiment December 1996 - March 1998. University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 99-001, 76 pp.

1998
Zantopp R.J, T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns Moored current meter observations east of Abaco, the Bahamas ("ACCP-2" Array). University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 98-005, 36 pp.

Zantopp R.J, T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns Moored current meter observations east of Abaco, the Bahamas ("ACCP-3" Array). University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 98-006, 54 pp.

Johns, W.E., and D.B. Olson, Observations of seasonal exchange through the Strait of Hormuz, Oceanography, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 58, 1998.

Murray, S.P. and W. Johns.  Volume and salt flux through the Bab el Mandeb Strait: Two years of observations, 1995-1997, Oceanography, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp.58, 1998.

Pratt, L., W. Johns, S. Murray and K Katsumata, Hydraulic Interpretation of Direct Velocity Measurements in the Bab al Mandeb, Oceanography, Vol 11, No. 2, pp. 58, 1998.

Johns, W., S. Murray, S. Sofianos, Atmospherically-forced exchange through the strait of Bab el Mandeb. Annales Geophysicae, Supplement to Volume 16, Part 2: Hydrology, Oceans & Atmosphere, 1998.

Murray, S.P., Johns, W.  ADCP-based observations of the seasonal cycle of transport through the Bab el Mandeb Strait, 1995-1997. Annales Geophysicae, Supplement to Volume 16, Part 2: Hydrology, Oceans & Atmosphere, 1998.

Johns, W.E., S.P. Murray, S.S. Sofianos. Atmospherically Forced Exchange through the Strait of Bab el Mandeb. EOS Transactions, AGU, 79(1), OS105.

Garraffo, Z., E.P. Chassignet, and W. E. Johns. Comparison of Fine-mesh (1/12 degree) Numerical Model Results to Observations in the Western and Equatorial Atlantic. EOS Trans., AGU, 79(1), OS15.

Pratt, L.J., W.E. Johns, S.P. Murray, and K. Katsumata.  Hydraulic Interpretation of Direct Velocity Measurements in the Bab al Mandeb Strait. EOS Trans., AGU, 79(1), OS105.

Wilson, W.D., and W.E. Johns. Measurements of Transports and Water Mass Exchange in the Passages to the Caribbean Sea. EOS Trans., AGU, 79(1), OS125.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, R. Zantopp, D. Zhang, C.T. Liu, and Y. Yang.  Kuroshio Transport Study at 24.5 N.  EOS Trans., AGU, 79(1), OS159.

Zhang, D., T.N. Lee, W.E. Johns, R. Zantopp, C.T. Liu and Y. Yang.  The Kuroshio Transport Variability at 24.5oN. Abstract, EOS, Feb. 1998, Ocean Sciences Meeting.


Johns, W.E., and D.B. Olson, Observations of seasonal exchange through the Strait of Hormuz, Oceanography, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 58.

Murray, S.P. and W. Johns.  Volume and salt flux through the Bab el Mandeb Strait: Two years of observations, 1995-1997, Oceanography, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp.58.

Pratt, L., W. Johns, S. Murray and K Katsumata, Hydraulic Interpretation of Direct Velocity Measurements in the Bab al Mandeb, Oceanography, Vol 11, No. 2, pp. 58.

Johns, W., S. Murray, S. Sofianos, Atmospherically-forced exchange through the strait of Bab el Mandeb. Annales Geophysicae, Supplement to Volume 16, Part 2: Hydrology, Oceans & Atmosphere.

Murray, S.P., Johns, W.  ADCP-based observations of the seasonal cycle of transport through the Bab el Mandeb Strait, 1995-1997. Annales Geophysicae, Supplement to Volume 16, Part 2: Hydrology, Oceans & Atmosphere.

1997
Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee, R.J. Zantopp and E. Fillenbaum: Updated Transatlantic Heat Flux at 26.5°N. WOCE International Newsletter, 27.

Johns, W.E. T.N. Lee, R. Zantopp, D. Zhang, C.T. Liu and Y. Yang. Kuroshio Transport Study at 24.5°N.  Abstract, IUGG Meeting of IAPSO, Melbourne, Australia.

1996
Zantopp R.J, T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns Moored current meter observations east of Abaco, the Bahamas ("ACCP-1" Array). University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 96-001, 80 pp.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns and R. Zantopp.  Annual and Semiannual Cycles of Meridional Transport East of the Bahamas at 26.5oN.  Ocean Sciences Meeting, AGU, Feb. 12-16.

Johns, W.E., S. P. Murray and A. D. Abul, Multilayer Circulation Through the Bab al Mandate Strait into the Indian Ocean, Eons Trans. AGU, 77(22), Western Pacific Geophysics Meet. Suppl., W1.

Murray, S.P. and W. Johns.  Exchange Processes Through the Bab al Mandeb Strait:  First Look.  1996 Ocean Sciences Meeting, AGU, February 12-16, 1996, San

1995
Johns, W.E., D.M. Fratantoni and T. Townsend. Modeled Inflow Variability Through the Eastern Caribbean Passages. Circulation of the Intra-Americas Sea, Jan. 22-27, 1995 La Parguera, Puerto Rico (abstract).

Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee, C.T. Liu and D. Zhang.  PCM-1 Array Monitor Kuroshio Transport.  WOCE Notes. 7(3): 10-13.

1994
Johns, W.E., D. Fratantoni, T. L. Townsend and H. E. Hurlburt. Modeling the Equatorial Atlantic Circulation:  Recent Results from the NRL Atlantic Basin Model Compared with Observations.  EOS, Transaction, AGU, (Abstract), 75(3), 72.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns and R. Zantopp: On Mean Volume Transports and Variability of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation East of Abaco, Bahamas, at 26.5°N. EOS, Transaction, AGU,  (abstract),  75(3), 72.

Fratantoni, D.M., W.E. Johns, T.L. Townsend and H.E. Hurlburt. Rings of the North Brazil Current: Blending Observations with a Realistic Numerical Simulation. EOS, Transaction, AGU,  (abstract), 75(3), 225.

Wilson, W.D., W.E. Johns and M. D. Hendry. Measurements of Current Structure and Transport in the Windward Islands Passages: 1991-1993. The Atlantic Climate Change Program, Proceedings from the principal investigators meeting May 9-11.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, R. Zantopp, and E. Fillenbaum. Moored Observations of Volume and Heat Transport Variability in Western Boundary Currents of the Subtropical North Atlantic at 26.5°N.  The Atlantic Climate Change Program, Proceedings from the principal investigators meeting May 9-11.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, R. Zantopp and E. Fillenbaum. Comparison of the structure and variability of volume transports in western boundary currents of the subtropical Atlantic and Pacific.  OESS, June 21, 1994, Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting, Abstract, pg. 39.

Rooth, C.G. and W.E. Johns. Structure and variability of the sill-controlled flow of North Atlantic Deep Water into the central Caribbean deep basin. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 75(051-K):208, Suppl.

Fillenbaum, E.R., T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns.  Meridional Temperature and Volume Transport Variability at 26.5°N.  EOS Transactions 75(3), 92.

Zantopp, R. J., T. N. Lee and W. E. Johns.  Moored Current Meter Observations East of Abaco, The Bahamas ("WATTS" Array), For the Time Period 18 June 1990 to 10 February 1992, 1994,  U. Miami RSMAS Technical Report 93-006.

1993
Fillenbaum. E., T. Lee, W. Johns, R. Zantopp and F. Bryan. Meridional heat transport variability at 26.5°N in the North Atlantic determined from moored measurements and CME data.  Extended abstracts of the Third Scientific Meeting  TOS, Seattle, WA, April, p.92.

Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns.  Volume Transport Variability of the DWBC East of the Bahamas.  Extended Abstracts of the Third Scientific Meeting TOS, Seattle, WA, April 1993, p. 99

Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee, and W.E. Johns. Moored Current Meter Observations off Northeast Brazil (STACS-11 Array). University of Miami, RSMAS, Technical Report No. 93-005, May 1993, 56 pp.

Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee, and W.E. Johns. Moored Current Meter Observations East of Abaco, The Bahamas (WATTS Array). University of Miami, RSMAS, Technical Report No. 93-006, July 1993, 77 pp.

Fratantoni, D.M. and W.E. Johns. The Structure and Dynamics of North Brazil Current Retroflection Eddies.  Extended Abstracts of the Third Scientific Meeting TOS, Seattle WA, April 1993, p. 94.

1992
Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee and R.J. Zantopp. Seasonal Cycle and Variability of the North Brazil Atlantic. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 72(51), 21, (abstract).

Thompson, J.D., T.L. Townsend, W.E. Johns and W.J. Schmitz, Jr. Generation of 20-30 and 40-60 Day Oscillations in Western Boundary Currents. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 72(51), 22, (abstract).

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, R.J. Zantopp and E. Fillenbaum. The Deep Western Boundary Current at 26.5°N in the Subtropical Atlantic. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 72(51), 39, (abstract).

Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns. The Space-Time Structure of Deep Western Boundary Current Meanders East of the Bahamas. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 72(51), 39, (abstract).

Molinari, R.L., E. Johns, W.E. Johns, and R. Zantopp. A Comparison of Observed and Simulated Representations of the North Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current. EOS, Transaction, AGU, 72(51), 39, (abstract).

Shay, T.J., and W.E. Johns. Mean Characteristics of the Gulf Stream at 68°W During the SYNOP Central Array Experiment. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 72(51), 57, (abstract).

Lee, T.N., W. Johns, R. Zantopp, E. Fillenbaum and E. Johns.  Moored Measurement of the Thermohaline Circulation and Meridional Heat Flux in the Western Subtropical Atlantic at 26.5°.  Proceedings of ACCP Scientific Workshop, March 1992.

Johns, W.E. and R.J. Zantopp. Moored Current Meter Data in Anegada Passage for the period January 1991 to March 1992.  University of Miami, RSMAS Technical Report No. 92-014, September 1992.

Spindler, T.D., W.E. Johns, and R.J. Zantopp. The SYNOP Experiment: Moored Acoustic Doppler Current Profile Data; Part 2: Calibrated Acoustic Backscatter Intensity for the period June 1988 to August 1990. University of Miami, RSMAS Technical Report No. 92-015, October 1992, 115 pp.

Johns, B. and T. Shay. Stream-averaged Structure and Transport of the Gulf Stream at 68°W. THE SYNOPTICIAN  (T. Rossby, ed.), 3(5), 4-6.

MacCready, P., W.E. Johns and C.G. Rooth. Flow into the Deep Caribbean year-long current meter records and hydrographic data from the 1991-1992 CaribVent Project. EOS, Transaction, AGU, 73(43), 311, (abstract).

Wilson, W.D., W.E. Johns, M.D. Hendry and J.A. Routt. Windward Islands Passages Monitoring Program: Physical Oceanographic Data Collected on Cruise WI-91-01, HMBS TRIDENT, 15-21 December 1991.  NOAA Technical Memorandum ERL AOML-76, 55 pp.

1991
Johns, W.E. Moored ADCPs in SYNOP. THE SYNOPTICIAN  (T. Rossby, ed.), 2(2), 6-7.

Fratantoni, D. and W.E. Johns. Development and initial applications of a deep-towed ADCP/CTD package for oceanic bottom boundary layer studies. Proceedings of the 1991 IEEE Conference on Current Measurement Technology, Honolulu, Hawaii. 7 pp.

Lee, T.N., W.E. Johns, R.J. Zantopp and E. Fillenbaum.  The Deep Western Boundary Current at 26.5° in the Subtropical Atlantic.  EOS Transactions 72(51), 21 (Invited Abstract).

Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns.  The Space-Time Structure of Deep Western Boundary Current Meanders East of the Bahamas.  EOS Transactions 72(51), 39 (Abstract).

Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee and R.J. Zantopp.  Seasonal cycle and variability of the North Brazil Current at 4° in the tropical Atlantic.  EOS Transactions 72(51), 21 (Abstract).

Johns, W.E. and R.J. Zantopp. The SYNOP Experiment: Moored Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler Data for the period June 1988 to August 1990. University of Miami, RSMAS Technical Report No. 91-003,, 130 pp., August 1991.

1990
Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns. Moored current meter observations east of Abaco, Bahamas at 26.5°N (STACS-10 Array). University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 90-002, September 1990, 10 pp.

Johns, W.E. and R.J. Zantopp. Observations on near-surface Gulf Stream structure from Moored ADCPs. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 71(43), 1403 (abstract).

Johns, W.E., R. Molinari and D. Wilson. International Research Activities in the Tropical Atlantic Ocean off Northeastern Brazil. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 71(43), 1367 (abstract).

Zantopp, R.J., W.E. Johns and T.N. Lee. Moored current meter observations off French Guiana (STACS-9 Array).  University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 90-003, December 1990, 13 pp.

Lee, T.N. and W. Johns.  Addresses goals of WOCE ACM1.  WOCE Notes 2(4), p. 8.

1989
Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee, W.E. Johns and E. Williams. Moored current meter observations east of Abaco, Bahamas at 26.5°N (STACS-8 Array). University of Miami  RSMAS Technical Report 89-001, June 1989, 32 pp.

Zantopp, R.J., T.N. Lee and W.E. Johns. Moored current meter observations east of Abaco, Bahamas at 26.5°N (STACS-7 Array). University of Miami RSMAS Technical Report 89-002, June 1989, 4 pp.

Johns, W.E., T.N. Lee and R.J. Zantopp. Observations of Boundary Currents and 50-day Waves at 8° in the Western Tropical Atlantic. EOS, Transaction, AGU, 70(15): 360, (abstract).

Evans, R., W. Johns and A. Li. Flow Visualization of Florida Current Variability at 27°N. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 70(15): 374, (abstract).

Zantopp, R.J., W.E. Johns and T.N. Lee. Basin-scale wind forcing of boundary currents in the subtropical Western Atlantic at 27°N. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 70(15): 359-360, (abstract).

Lee, T.N., W. Johns and M. Wimbush. Techniques for measurement of transport variability in western boundary currents, with application to the Kuroshio east of Taiwan at 24°N.  Invited abstract for U.S./Japan Workshop in Kyoto, Japan, June 1989.

Zantopp, R.J., W.E. Johns and T.N. Lee. The Deep Western Boundary Current: A plane view east of Abaco, the Bahamas. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 70(43): 1140, (abstract).

1988
Johns, W.E. Moored ADCP applications, Proceedings of U.S. WOCE workshop on Acoustic Doppler Current Profiling Technology, March.

Lee, T.N., W. Johns, R. Zantopp and E. Williams. Structure and variability of Western Boundary Currents East of the Bahamas at 27°N. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 69(44): 1236, (abstract).

1987
Johns, W.E. Near-surface current measurements in the Gulf Stream using an upward-looking Acoustic Doppler Current Profiler. EOS, Transaction, AGU, 68(11N-012): 1687-1688.

 

Molinari, R.L., E. Johns, G.A. Maul, D. Mayer, J.C. Larsen, R. Fine, K.D. Leaman, T.N. Lee, W.E. Johns and F.A. Schott, 1987.  Subtropical Atlantic Climate Studies (STACS).  IUGG XIX General Assembly, Vancouver, Canada,  8/9-22/87.  Abstracts v.3, 1987: p. 1013.

1986
Johns, W.E. Baroclinically unstable waves on the observed Gulf Stream potential vorticity gradient near 74 20°W. EOS, Transactions,  AGU, 66(051-1): 1283.

1985
Johns, W.E. and D.R. Watts. Time scales and structure of topographic Rossby waves and meanders in the deep Gulf Stream, Proceedings of the University of Rhode Island Gulf Stream Workshop, 23-26 April, 1985.

1984
Johns, W.E. Dynamics and structure of Gulf Stream meanders northeast of Cape Hatteras, Ph.D. thesis, University of Rhode Island, 244 pp.

1983
Johns, W.E. and D.R. Watts. Deep current observations in the Gulf Stream. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 64(12B-02): 1026.

1982
Johns, W.E. Observations on the vertical coherence of Gulf Stream meanders, Gulf Stream Workshop, University of North Carolina, April.

Watts, D.R. and W.E. Johns. Observations on the propagation and growth of Gulf Stream meanders, Gulf Stream Workshop, University of North Carolina, April.

Johns, W.E. and D.R. Watts. Deep temperature variability beneath the meandering Gulf Stream. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 63:(051-8), 363.

Watts, D.R., W.E. Johns and K.R. Lorenson. Gulf Stream meander propagation and growth. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 63(051-7): 363.

1980
Watts, D.R. and W.E. Johns. Observations on Gulf Stream meanders. EOS, Transactions, AGU, 61:(025-2), 1613.

  1. MPO712 — Large-Scale Ocean Circulation
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