In coral reef ecosystems, marine populations established among a naturally fragmented habitat are more or less connected by the migration of individuals, typically during the larval phase. My primary interests are in the physical-biological interactions occurring at this critical early life history stage: are patterns of larval dispersal established primarily by animal behavior or by oceanographic processes? How do marine larvae survive the pelagic environment, do they follow cues? While there has been a wealth of research in the field of animal navigation, marine larvae has been largely overlooked. These questions are addressed by developing bio-physical numerical modeling approaches in combination to novel experimental approaches.
Significant applications of this research are the optimization of MPA networks, the spread of invasive species, diseases, and pollutants in the marine environment, and the impact of climate change on marine ecosystems.
Le Hénaff, M., V. H. Kourafalou, C. B. Paris, J. Helgers, Z. M. Aman, P. J. Hogan, and A. Srinivasan (2012). Surface evolution of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill patch: combined effects of circulation and wind-induced drift, Environmental Science & Technology, doi:10.1021/es301570w.
Staaterman E, Paris CB*, Helgers J (2012) Orientation behavior in fish larvae: the missing piece to Hjort's critical period hypothesis, Journal of Theoretical Biology, 304: 188–196, *Corresponding Author
Sponaugle S, Paris CB, Walter KD, Kourafalou V, d’Alessandro E (2012) Observed and modeled larval settlement of a reef fish in the Florida Keys, Mar Ecol Prog Ser, 453:201-212
Foster N, Paris CB, Kool J, Baums IB, Stevens J, Sanchez J, Bastidas C, Agudelo C, Bush P, Day O, Ferrari R, Gonzalez P, Gore S, Guppy R, McCartney M, McCoy C, Mendes J, Srinivasan A, Steiner S, Mumby P (2012) Connectivity of Caribbean coral populations: complementary insights from empirical and modelled gene flow, Molecular Ecology, 21(5):1143–1157
Paris CB (2011) Reef Interconnectivity and Larval Dispersal, In: Encyclopedia of Modern Coral Reefs: Structure, Form and Process (Encyclopedia of Earth Science Series, D. Hopley Ed.), Springer-Verlag, p. 881-889.
Karnauskas M, Cherubin LM, Paris CB (2011) Adaptive Significance of the Formation of Multi-Species Fish Spawning Aggregations near Submerged Capes PLoS ONE, 6(7): e22067
DeGouw JA, Middlebrook AM, Warneke C, Ahmadov R, Atlas EL, Bahreini R, Blake DR, Brock CA, Brioude J, Fahey DW, Fehsenfeld FC, Holloway JS, Le Henaff M, Lueb RA, McKeen SA, Meagher JF, Murphy MD, Paris CB, Parrish DD, Perring AE, Pollack IB, Ravishankara AR, Robinson AL, Ryerson TB, Schwarz JP, Spackman JR, Srinivasan A, Watts LA (2011) Organic Aerosol Formation Downwind From the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, Science 331:1295.
Kool JT, Paris CB, Barber PH, Cowen RK (2011) Connectivity and the development of population genetic structure in Indo-West Pacific coral 12 reef communities, Global Ecology and Biogeography DOI: 10.1111/j.1466-8238.2010.00637.x
Butler IV MJ, Paris CB, Goldstein JS, Matsuda H, Cowen RK (2011) Behavior constrains the dispersal of long-lived spiny lobster larvae, Mar Ecol Prog Ser 422: 223-237.
Mumby PJ, Elliott I, Eakin M, Skirving W, Paris CB, Edwards HJ, Enrõ«quez S, Iglesias-Prieto R, Cherubin LM, Stevens JR (2010) Reserve design for uncertain responses of coral reefs to climate change, Ecological Letters 14(2), pp. 132-140 [doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2010.01562.x]
Pelc RA, Warner RR, Gaines SD, Paris CB (2010) Detecting larval export from marine reserves, PNAS 107(43): 18266-18271 [doi: 10.1073/pnas.0907368107 ].
Irisson J-O, Paris CB, Guigand C, Planes S (2010) Vertical distribution and ontogenetic ‘migration’ in coral reef fish larvae, Limnology and Oceanography 55(2): 909–919.
Paris CB, Irrisson J-O, Lacroix G, Fiksen O, Leis JM, Mullon C (2009) Connectivity In: Manual of Recommended Practices for Modelling Physical-Biological Interactions in Fish Early-Life History (North E, Gallego A, Petitgas P, Eds), ICES CRR 295, p. 63-76
Kool JT, Paris CB, Andrefouet S, Cowen RK (2009) Complex migration and the development of genetic structure in subdivided populations: and example from Caribbean coral reef ecosystems, Ecography 33(3): 597-606.
Irisson J-O, Guigand C, *Paris CB (2009) Detection and quantification of in situ orientation of marine larvae in the pelagic environment, Limn & Oceanogr Methods 7:664-672, *Corresponding Author
Paris CB (2009) Fate of reef fish larvae trough ontogeny: advection or true mortality? Theme Session T: Death in the sea, Proceedings of the 2009 Annual Science Conference, September 21-25 2009, Berlin, ICES CM 2009/T:13, pp. 22
Freshwater DW, Hines A, Parham S. Wilbur A, Sabaoun M, Woodhead J, Akins L, Purdy B, Whitfield PE, Paris CB (2009) Mitochondrial control region sequence analyses indicate dispersal from the US East Coast as the source of the invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans in the Bahamas, Marine Biology 156(6): 1213-1221 [DOI 10.1007/s00227-009-1163-8].
Paris CB, Aldana-Aranda D, Perez-Perez M, Kool J (2009) Connectivity of Queen conch, Strombus gigas, populations from Mexico, Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 7-11 July 2008, Session 14, 439-443.
Kang H-S, Kourafalou VH, Paris CB (2009) Influence of Florida Current frontal eddies on circulation and fish recruitment around the Florida Keys Reef Tract, Proceedings of the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium, Ft. Lauderdale, Florida, 7-11 July 2008.
Steneck RS, Paris CB, Arnold SN, Butler M, Ablan Lagman MC, Alcala AC, McCook LJ, Russ GR, Sale PF (2009) Thinking and managing outside the box: coalescing connectivity networks to build region-wide resilience in coral reef ecosystems. Theme Section: Larval connectivity, resilience and the future of coral reefs, Coral Reefs DOI 10.1007/s00338-009-0470-3
Munday PL, Leis JM, Lough JM, Paris CB, Kingsford MJ, Berumen ML, Lambrechts J (2009) Climate change and coral reef connectivity. Theme Section: Larval connectivity, resilience and the future of coral reefs, Coral Reefs DOI 10.1007/s00338-008-0461-9
Botsford LW, White JW, Coffroth M-A, Paris CB, Planes S, Shearer TL, Thorrold SR, Jones GP (2009) Measuring connectivity and estimating resilience of coral reef metapopulations in MPAs: matching empirical efforts to modelling needs. Theme Section: Larval connectivity, resilience and the future of coral reefs, Coral Reefs DOI 10.1007/s00338-009-0466-z
Paris CB, Guigand C, Irisson J-O, Fisher R, D’Alessandro E (2008) Orientation With No Frame of Reference (OWNFOR): A novel system to observe and quantify orientation in reef fish larvae. In: Caribbean Connectivity: Implications for marine protected area management. Grober-Dunsmore R and Keller B (eds), U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Marine Sanctuary Program, NMSP-08-07, Silver Spring, MD. p. 52-62.
Paris CB, Cherubin LM, (2008) River-reef connectivity in the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef Coral Reefs 27(4): 773-781
Bustamente G, Paris CB (2008) World Heritage Sites and marine population connectivity, 102-117, In: Caribbean Connectivity: Implications for marine protected area management. Grober-Dunsmore R and Keller B (eds), U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Marine Sanctuary Program, NMSP-08-07, Silver Spring, MD, 102-117.
Cherubin,L.M., C. Kuchinke, Paris CB (2008) Ocean circulation and terrestrial runoff dynamics in the Mesoamerican region from spectral optimization of SeaWiFS data and a high resolution simulation, Coral Reefs, 27(3): 503-519
Werner FE, Cowen RK, Paris CB (2007) Coupled biophysical models: Present capabilities and necessary developments for future studies of population connectivity, Oceanography, 20(3):54-69
Paris CB, Cherubin LM, Cowen RK (2007) Surfing, diving or spinning: effects on population connectivity, Mar Ecol Prog Ser, Theme Section: Advances in modelling physical-biological interactions in fish early life history, 347: 285-300
Mumby P, Harborne A, Williams J, Kappel C, Brumbaugh DR, Micheli F, Holmes KE, Dahlgren CP, Paris CB, Blackwell PG (2007) Beyond trophic cascades: marine reserves facilitate coral recruitment, Proc Nat Acad Sci 104(20): 8362-8367
Baums I, Paris CB, Chérubin L (2006) A bio-oceanographic filter to larval dispersal in a reef-building coral, Limnology and Oceanography 51(4): 1969-1981
Steneck R, Cowen RK, Paris CB, Srinivasan A (2006) Response to Connectivity in Marine Protected Areas, Science 313:43-44
Ramos S, Cowen RK, Paris CB, P Ré, Bordalo AA (2006) Environmental forcing and larval fish assemblage dynamics in the Lima River estuary (Northwest Portugal), Journal of Plankton Research 28(3): 275-286
Cowen RK, Paris CB, Srinivasan A (2006) Scaling connectivity in marine populations, Science 311:522-527
Paris CB, Cowen RK, Claro R, Lindeman KC (2005) Larval transport pathways from Cuban spawning aggregations (Snappers; Lutjanidae) based on biophysical modeling. Marine Ecology Progress Series 296:93-106.
Paris CB, Sponaugle, S, Cowen RK, Rotunno T (2005) Pomacentridae: Damselfishes. In: Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes, Richards JW (ed), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Chapter 152 p. 1787-1818.
Lindeman KC, Richards WJ, Lyczkowski-Shultz J, Drass DM, Paris CB, Leis JM, Lara M, Comyns BH (2005) Lutjanidae: Snappers. In: Early Stages of Atlantic Fishes. Richards WJ (ed), CRC Press, Boca Raton, Chapter 137 p. 1549-1586
Paris CB and Cowen RK (2004) Direct evidence of a biophysical retention mechanism for coral reef fish larvae, Limnology and Oceanography 49(6): 1964-1979.
Cowen RK, Paris CB, Fortuna JL, Olson DB (2003) The role of long distance dispersal in replenishing marine populations. Gulf and Caribbean Research 14(2):129-137.
Cowen RK, Sponaugle S, Paris CB, Fortuna JL, Lwiza KMM, Dorsey S. (2003) Impact of North Brazil Current rings on local circulation and coral reef fish recruitment to Barbados, West Indies. In: Interhemispheric Water Exchange, GJ Goni (ed), Elsevier Oceanographic Series, Chap 17: 443-462.
Serafy JE, Cowen RK, Paris CB, Capo TR, Luthy SA (2003) Evidence of blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, spawning in the vicinity of Exuma Sound, Bahamas. Marine and Fresh Water Research 54:1-8
Paris CB, Cowen RK, Lwiza KMM, Wang DP, Olson DB (2002) Objective analysis of three-dimensional circulation in the vicinity of Barbados, West Indies: Implication for larval transport. Deep Sea Research 49: 1363-1386.
Olson DB, Paris CB, Cowen RK (2001) Lagrangian biological models In: Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Steele JH, Turekian KK, Thorpe SA (eds), Academic Press, 1437-1443.
Cowen RK, Lwiza KMM, Sponaugle S, Paris CB, Olson DB (2000) Connectivity of marine populations: Open or closed? Science, 287: 857-859
Graber HC, Limouzy-Paris CB (1997) Transport patterns of tropical reef fish larvae by spin-off eddies in the Straits of Florida. Oceanography 10(2): 68-71.
Limouzy-Paris CB, Graber HC, Jones DL, Röpke AW, Richards WJ (1997) Translocation of larval coral reef fishes via sub-mesoscale spin-off eddies from the Florida Current. Bulletin of Marine Science 60(3): 966-983
Schultz DR, Arnold PI, Capos TR, Paris-Limouzy CB, Serafy JE, Richards WJ (1996) Immunologic methods for species identification of early life stages of lutjanid fishes from the western central Atlantic. PartI: Characterization of an interspecies protein. Fishery Bulletin 94: 734-742
Limouzy-Paris, C, McGowan MF, Richards WJ, Umaran JP, Cha SS (1994) Diversity of fish larvae in the Florida Keys: Results from SEFCAR. Bulletin of Marine Science 54(3): 857-870