People

Ben Kirtman

Ben Kirtman

Professor, Department of Atmospheric Sciences

RSMAS/MPO
University of Miami
4600 Rickenbacker Causeway
Miami, FL 33149

MSC 305

Tel: 305.421.4046
bkirtman@rsmas.miami.edu

Google Scholar Profile

Dr. Kirtman uses complex coupled ocean atmosphere general circulation models to investigate the predictability of the climate system on time scales from days-to-decades and to study the influence of tropical variability on mid-latitude predictability.
2011
Yeh, S. W., B. P. Kirtman, J. S. Kug, W. Park, and M. Latif, 2011: Natural variability of the central Pacific El Niño event on multi-centennial timescales. Geophysical Research Letters, 38.

Wu, R. G., and B. P. Kirtman, 2011: Caribbean Sea rainfall variability during the rainy season and relationship to the equatorial Pacific and tropical Atlantic SST. Climate Dynamics, 37, 1533-1550.

Solomon, A., and Coauthors, 2011: DISTINGUISHING THE ROLES OF NATURAL AND ANTHROPOGENICALLY FORCED DECADAL CLIMATE VARIABILITY Implications for Prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 141-+.

Munoz, E., B. Kirtman, and W. Weijer, 2011: Varied representation of the Atlantic Meridional Overturning across multidecadal ocean reanalyses. Deep-Sea Research Part Ii-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58, 1848-1857.

Lee, S. K., and Coauthors, 2011: What caused the significant increase in Atlantic Ocean heat content since the mid-20th century? Geophysical Research Letters, 38.

Clement, A., B. Kirtman, and A. Pirani, 2011: CLIMATE LITERACY AS A FOUNDATION FOR PROGRESS IN PREDICTING AND ADAPTING TO THE CLIMATE OF THE COMING DECADES. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 633-635.

2010
Yeh, S. W., S. K. Kang, B. P. Kirtman, J. H. Kim, M. H. Kwon, and C. H. Kim, 2010: Decadal change in relationship between western North Pacific tropical cyclone frequency and the tropical Pacific SST. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 106, 179-189.

NRC, 2010: Assessment of intraseasonal to interannual climate prediction and predictability.  The National Academies Press.

Jin, D. H., and B. P. Kirtman, 2010: The extratropical sensitivity to the meridional extent of tropical ENSO forcing. Climate Dynamics, 34, 935-951.

——, 2010: The impact of ENSO periodicity on North Pacific SST variability. Climate Dynamics, 34, 1015-1039.

Jin, D., and B. P. Kirtman, 2010: How the annual cycle affects the extratropical response to ENSO. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 115.

Hurrell, J. W., G. A. Meehl, D. Bader, T. L. Delworth, B. Kirtman, and B. Wielick, 2010: Comments on "A Unified Modeling Approach to Climate System Prediction" Reply. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 1702-1703.

Brunet, G., and Coauthors, 2010: COLLABORATION OF THE WEATHER AND CLIMATE COMMUNITIES TO ADVANCE SUBSEASONAL-TO-SEASONAL PREDICTION. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 1397-1406.

2009
Yeh, S. W., J. S. Kug, B. Dewitte, M. H. Kwon, B. P. Kirtman, and F. F. Jin, 2009: El Niño in a changing climate (vol 461, pg 511, 2009). Nature, 462.

Yeh, S. W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2009: Internal Atmospheric Variability and Interannual-to-Decadal ENSO Variability in a CGCM. Journal of Climate, 22, 2335-2355.

Wu, R. G., B. P. Kirtman, and H. van den Dool, 2009: An Analysis of ENSO Prediction Skill in the CFS Retrospective Forecasts. Journal of Climate, 22, 1801-1818.

Wu, R. G., and B. P. Kirtman, 2009: Variability of El Niño-Southern Oscillation-related noise in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114.

Wang, B., and Coauthors, 2009: Advance and prospectus of seasonal prediction: assessment of the APCC/CliPAS 14-model ensemble retrospective seasonal prediction (1980-2004). Climate Dynamics, 33, 93-117.

Schubert, S., and Coauthors, 2009: A US CLIVAR Project to Assess and Compare the Responses of Global Climate Models to Drought-Related SST Forcing Patterns: Overview and Results. Journal of Climate, 22, 5251-5272.

Meehl, G. A., and Coauthors, 2009: DECADAL PREDICTION Can It Be Skillful? Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 1467-+.

Krishnamurthy, V., and B. P. Kirtman, 2009: Relation between Indian Monsoon Variability and SST. Journal of Climate, 22, 4437-4458.

Kirtman, B. P., D. M. Straus, D. H. Min, E. K. Schneider, and L. Siqueira, 2009: Toward linking weather and climate in the interactive ensemble NCAR climate model. Geophysical Research Letters, 36.

Kirtman, B. P., and D. Min, 2009: Multimodel Ensemble ENSO Prediction with CCSM and CFS. Monthly Weather Review, 137, 2908-2930.

Kirtman, B., and A. Pirani, 2009: The State of the Art of Seasonal Prediction Outcomes and Recommendations from the First World Climate Research Program Workshop on Seasonal Prediction. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 455-458.

Jin, D., and B. P. Kirtman, 2009: Why the Southern Hemisphere ENSO responses lead ENSO. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114.

Hurrell, J., G. A. Meehl, D. Bader, T. L. Delworth, B. Kirtman, and B. Wielicki, 2009: A UNIFIED MODELING APPROACH TO CLIMATE SYSTEM PREDICTION. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 1819-1832.

DiNezio, P. N., A. C. Clement, G. A. Vecchi, B. J. Soden, and B. P. Kirtman, 2009: Climate Response of the Equatorial Pacific to Global Warming. Journal of Climate, 22, 4873-4892.

2008
Yeh, S. W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2008: The low-frequency relationship of the tropical-North Pacific sea surface temperature teleconnections. Journal of Climate, 21, 3416-3432.

Wu, Z. H., E. K. Schneider, B. P. Kirtman, E. S. Sarachik, N. E. Huang, and C. J. Tucker, 2008: The modulated annual cycle: an alternative reference frame for climate anomalies. Climate Dynamics, 31, 823-841.

Wu, R. G., B. P. Kirtman, and K. Pegion, 2008: Local rainfall-SST relationship on subseasonal time scales in satellite observations and CFS. Geophysical Research Letters, 35.

Wu, R., B. P. Kirtman, and V. Krishnamurthy, 2008: An asymmetric mode of tropical Indian Ocean rainfall variability in boreal spring. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 113.

Stan, C., and B. P. Kirtman, 2008: The influence of atmospheric noise and uncertainty in ocean initial conditions on the limit of predictability in a coupled GCM. Journal of Climate, 21, 3487-3503.

Pegion, K., and B. P. Kirtman, 2008: The Impact of Air-Sea Interactions on the Predictability of the Tropical Intraseasonal Oscillation. Journal of Climate, 21, 5870-5886.

——, 2008: The Impact of Air-Sea Interactions on the Simulation of Tropical Intraseasonal Variability. Journal of Climate, 21, 6616-6635.

Misra, V., L. Marx, M. Fennessy, B. Kirtman, and J. L. Kinter, 2008: A comparison of climate prediction and simulation over the tropical Pacific. Journal of Climate, 21, 3601-3611.

Kallummal, R., and B. P. Kirtman, 2008: Validity of a Linear Stochastic View of ENSO in an ACGCM. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 65, 3860-3879.

Jin, E. K., and Coauthors, 2008: Current status of ENSO prediction skill in coupled ocean-atmosphere models. Climate Dynamics, 31, 647-664.

DelSole, T., M. Zhao, P. A. Dirmeyer, and B. P. Kirtman, 2008: Empirical Correction of a Coupled Land-Atmosphere Model. Monthly Weather Review, 136, 4063-4076.

Burgman, R. J., P. S. Schopf, and B. P. Kirtman, 2008: Decadal Modulation of ENSO in a Hybrid Coupled Model. Journal of Climate, 21, 5482-5500.

2007
Yeh, S. W., R. G. Wu, and B. P. Kirtman, 2007: Impact of the Indian Ocean on ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 133, 445-457.

Yeh, S. W., B. P. Kirtman, and S. I. An, 2007: Local versus non-local atmospheric weather noise and the North Pacific SST variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 34.

Yeh, S. W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2007: ENSO amplitude changes due to climate change projections in different coupled models. Journal of Climate, 20, 203-217.

Wu, R. G., B. P. Kirtman, and K. Pegion, 2007: Surface latent heat flux and its relationship with sea surface temperature in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction Climate Forecast System simulations and retrospective forecasts. Geophysical Research Letters, 34.

Wu, R. G., and B. P. Kirtman, 2007: Observed relationship of spring and summer East Asian rainfall with winter and spring Eurasian snow. Journal of Climate, 20, 1285-1304.

——, 2007: Role of the Indian Ocean in the biennial transition of the Indian summer monsoon. Journal of Climate, 20, 2147-2164.

——, 2007: Regimes of seasonal air-sea interaction and implications for performance of forced simulations. Climate Dynamics, 29, 393-410.

Wu, R., and B. P. Kirtman, 2007: Roles of the Indian Ocean in the Australian summer monsoon-ENSO relationship. Journal of Climate, 20, 4768-4788.

Vikhliaev, Y., P. Schopf, T. Delsole, and B. Kirtman, 2007: Finding multiple basin modes in a linear ocean model. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 24, 1033-1049.

Vikhliaev, Y., B. Kirtman, and P. Schopf, 2007: Decadal North Pacific bred vectors in a coupled GCM. Journal of Climate, 20, 5744-5764.

Misra, V., and Coauthors, 2007: Validating and understanding the ENSO simulation in two coupled climate models. Tellus Series a-Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, 59, 292-308.

2006
Yeh, S. W., Y. G. Park, and B. P. Kirtman, 2006: ENSO amplitude changes in climate change commitment to atmospheric CO2 doubling. Geophysical Research Letters, 33.

Yeh, S. W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2006: Origin of decadal El Niño-Southern Oscillation-like variability in a coupled general circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111.

Wu, R. G., B. P. Kirtman, and K. Pegion, 2006: Local air-sea relationship in observations and model simulations. Journal of Climate, 19, 4914-4932.

Wu, R. G., and B. P. Kirtman, 2006: Changes in spread and predictability associated with ENSO in an ensemble coupled GCM. Journal of Climate, 19, 4378-4396.

Meehl, G. A., J. M. Arblaster, D. M. Lawrence, A. Seth, E. K. Schneider, B. P. Kirtman, and D. Min, 2006: Monsoon regimes in the CCSM3. Journal of Climate, 19, 2482-2495.

Kug, J. S., B. P. Kirtman, and I. S. Kang, 2006: Interactive feedback between ENSO and the Indian Ocean in an interactive ensemble coupled model. Journal of Climate, 19, 6371-6381.

Klinger, B. A., B. H. Huang, B. Kirtman, P. Schopf, and J. D. Wang, 2006: Monthly climatologies of oceanic friction velocity cubed. Journal of Climate, 19, 5700-5708.

Yeh, S. W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2005: Pacific decadal variability and decadal ENSO amplitude modulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 32.

2005
Wu, R. G., and B. P. Kirtman, 2005: Roles of Indian and Pacific Ocean air-sea coupling in tropical atmospheric variability. Climate Dynamics, 25, 155-170.

——, 2005: Near-annual SST variability in the Equatorial Pacific in a coupled general circulation model. Journal of Climate, 18, 4454-4473.

Wu, R. G., J. L. Kinter, and B. P. Kirtman, 2005: Discrepancy of interdecadal changes in the Asian region among the NCEP-NCAR reanalysis, objective analyses, and observations. Journal of Climate, 18, 3048-3067.

Schlosser, C. A., and B. P. Kirtman, 2005: Predictable skill and its association to sea-surface temperature variations in an ensemble climate simulation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 110.

Kirtman, B. P., K. Pegion, and S. M. Kinter, 2005: Internal atmospheric dynamics and tropical indo-Pacific climate variability. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 62, 2220-2233.

2004
Yeh, S. W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2004: The impact of internal atmospheric variability on the North Pacific SST variability. Climate Dynamics, 22, 721-732.

——, 2004: The North Pacific Oscillation-ENSO and internal atmospheric variability. Geophysical Research Letters, 31.

——, 2004: Decadal North Pacific sea surface temperature variability and the associated global climate anomalies in a coupled general circulation model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109.

——, 2004: Tropical Pacific decadal variability and ENSO amplitude modulation in a CGCM. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 109.

Yeh, S. W., J. G. Jhun, I. S. Kang, and B. P. Kirtman, 2004: The decadal ENSO variability in a hybrid coupled model. Journal of Climate, 17, 1225-1238.

Wu, Z. H., E. K. Schneider, and B. P. Kirtman, 2004: Causes of low frequency North Atlantic SST variability in a coupled GCM. Geophysical Research Letters, 31.

Wu, R. G., and B. P. Kirtman, 2004: The tropospheric biennial oscillation of the monsoon-ENSO system in an interactive ensemble coupled GCM. Journal of Climate, 17, 1623-1640.

——, 2004: Impacts of the Indian Ocean on the Indian summer monsoon-ENSO relationship. Journal of Climate, 17, 3037-3054.

——, 2004: Understanding the impacts of the Indian ocean on ENSO variability in a coupled GCM. Journal of Climate, 17, 4019-4031.

Moon, B. K., S. W. Yeh, B. Dewitte, J. G. Jhun, I. S. Kang, and B. P. Kirtman, 2004: Vertical structure variability in the equatorial Pacific before and after the Pacific climate shift of the 1970s. Geophysical Research Letters, 31.

Hu, Z. Z., E. K. Schneider, U. S. Bhatt, and B. P. Kirtman, 2004: Potential mechanism for response of El Niño-Southern Oscillation variability to change in land surface energy budget. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 109.

2003
Yeh, S. W., and B. P. Kirtman, 2003: On the relationship between the interannual and decadal SST variability in the North Pacific and tropical Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 108.

Wu, R. G., and B. P. Kirtman, 2003: On the impacts of the Indian summer monsoon on ENSO in a coupled GCM. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 129, 3439-3468.

Wu, R. G., Z. Z. Hu, and B. P. Kirtman, 2003: Evolution of ENSO-related rainfall anomalies in East Asia. Journal of Climate, 16, 3742-3758.

Vernekar, A. D., B. P. Kirtman, and M. J. Fennessy, 2003: Low-level jets and their effects on the South American summer climate as simulated by the NCEP Eta Model. Journal of Climate, 16, 297-311.

Schneider, E. K., D. G. DeWitt, A. Rosati, B. P. Kirtman, L. Ji, and J. J. Tribbia, 2003: Retrospective ENSO forecasts: Sensitivity to atmospheric model and ocean resolution. Monthly Weather Review, 131, 3038-3060.

Nobre, P., S. E. Zebiak, and B. P. Kirtman, 2003: Local and remote sources of tropical atlantic variability as inferred from the results of a hybrid ocean-atmosphere coupled model. Geophysical Research Letters, 30.

Misra, V., P. A. Dirmeyer, and B. P. Kirtman, 2003: Dynamic downscaling of seasonal simulations over South America. Journal of Climate, 16, 103-117.

Krishnamurthy, V., and B. P. Kirtman, 2003: Variability of the Indian Ocean: Relation to monsoon and ENSO. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 129, 1623-1646.

Kirtman, B. P., 2003: The COLA anomaly coupled model: Ensemble ENSO prediction. Monthly Weather Review, 131, 2324-2341.

2002
Misra, V., P. A. Dirmeyer, B. P. Kirtman, H. M. H. Juang, and M. Kanamitsu, 2002: Regional simulation of interannual variability over South America. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 107.

Misra, V., P. A. Dirmeyer, and B. P. Kirtman, 2002: A comparative study of two land surface schemes in regional climate integrations over South America. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 107.

Kirtman, B. P., and J. Shukla, 2002: Interactive coupled ensemble: A new coupling strategy for CGCMs. Geophysical Research Letters, 29.

Kirtman, B. P., Y. Fan, and E. K. Schneider, 2002: The COLA global coupled and anomaly coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM. Journal of Climate, 15, 2301-2320.

2001
Kirtman, B. P., D. A. Paolino, J. L. Kinter, and D. M. Straus, 2001: Impact of tropical subseasonal SST variability on seasonal mean climate simulations. Monthly Weather Review, 129, 853-868.
2000
Kirtman, B. P., and J. Shukla, 2000: Influence of the Indian summer monsoon on ENSO. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 126, 213-239.

Kirtman, B. P., and E. K. Schneider, 2000: A spontaneously generated tropical atmospheric general circulation. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 57, 2080-2093.

1999
Schneider, E. K., B. P. Kirtman, and R. S. Lindzen, 1999: Tropospheric water vapor and climate sensitivity. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 56, 1649-1658.

Schneider, E. K., B. H. Huang, Z. X. Zhu, D. G. DeWitt, J. L. Kinter, B. P. Kirtman, and J. Shukla, 1999: Ocean data assimilation, initialization, and predictions of ENSO with a coupled GCM. Monthly Weather Review, 127, 1187-1207.

1998
Kirtman, B. P., and P. S. Schopf, 1998: Decadal variability in ENSO predictability and prediction. Journal of Climate, 11, 2804-2822.
1997
Schneider, E. K., Z. X. Zhu, B. S. Giese, B. H. Huang, B. P. Kirtman, J. Shukla, and J. A. Carton, 1997: Annual cycle and ENSO in a coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation model. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 680-702.

Schneider, E. K., R. S. Lindzen, and B. P. Kirtman, 1997: A tropical influence on global climate. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 54, 1349-1358.

Kirtman, B. P., and S. E. Zebiak, 1997: ENSO simulation and prediction with a hybrid coupled model. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 2620-2641.

Kirtman, B. P., J. Shukla, B. H. Huang, Z. X. Zhu, and E. K. Schneider, 1997: Multiseasonal predictions with a coupled tropical ocean-global atmosphere system. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 789-808.

Kirtman, B. P., and D. G. DeWitt, 1997: Comparison of atmospheric model wind stress with three different convective parameterizations: Sensitivity of tropical Pacific Ocean simulations. Monthly Weather Review, 125, 1231-1250.

Kirtman, B. P., 1997: Oceanic Rossby wave dynamics and the ENSO period in a coupled model. Journal of Climate, 10, 1690-1704.

1996
Kirtman, B. P., and E. K. Schneider, 1996: Model-based estimates of equatorial Pacific wind stress. Journal of Climate, 9, 1077-1091.
1995
Mechoso, C. R., and Coauthors, 1995: THE SEASONAL CYCLE OVER THE TROPICAL PACIFIC IN COUPLED OCEAN-ATMOSPHERE GENERAL-CIRCULATION MODELS. Monthly Weather Review, 123, 2825-2838.

Lindzen, R. S., B. Kirtman, D. Kirkdavidoff, and E. K. Schneider, 1995: SEASONAL SURROGATE FOR CLIMATE. Journal of Climate, 8, 1681-1684.

1994
Fennessy, M. J., and Coauthors, 1994: THE SIMULATED INDIAN MONSOON - A GCM SENSITIVITY STUDY. Journal of Climate, 7, 33-43.
1993
Vernekar, A. D., V. Thapliyal, R. H. Kripalani, S. V. Singh, and B. Kirtman, 1993: GLOBAL STRUCTURE OF THE MADDEN-JULIAN OSCILLATIONS DURING 2 RECENT CONTRASTING SUMMER MONSOON SEASONS OVER INDIA. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, 52, 37-47.

Kirtman, B., A. Vernekar, D. Dewitt, and J. Zhou, 1993: IMPACT OF OROGRAPHIC GRAVITY-WAVE DRAG ON EXTENDED RANGE FORECASTS WITH THE COLA-GCM. Atmosfera, 6, 3-23.

Kirtman, B., and A. Vernekar, 1993: ON WAVE CISK AND THE EVAPORATION WIND FEEDBACK FOR THE MADDEN-JULIAN OSCILLATION. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 50, 2811-2814.

1992
Vernekar, A. D., J. Y. Zhou, and B. Kirtman, 1992: COMPARISON OF SYSTEMATIC-ERRORS IN 2 FORECAST MODELS WITH SIMILAR DYNAMIC FRAMEWORKS. Atmosfera, 5, 207-231.

Vernekar, A., B. Kirtman, J. Zhou, and D. Dewitt, 1992: OROGRAPHIC GRAVITY-WAVE DRAG EFFECTS ON MEDIUM-RANGE FORECASTS WITH A GENERAL-CIRCULATION MODEL. 295-307 pp.

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