“From the Benthos to the Cosmos’
My research interests are focused on applications of isotope
geochemistry in paleoclimatology, paleoceanography, extraction
chromatography and cosmochemistry.
After joining the Division of Marine Geology & Geophysics
(MGG) in March of 2009, one of my main objectives has been
establishing the Neptune Isotope Laboratory (NIL) in
collaboration with the Division of Marine and Atmospheric
Chemistry at RSMAS. Along with a clean-room enclosure, we now
have several class-100 vertical
laminar flow hoods, two high-purity
sub-boiling acid distillation units and two,
class-100 trace metal
workstations for low-blank sample processing and wet
chemistry. The lab is also equipped with a
ThermoFisher Neptune Plus, high performance
Multi-Collector Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass
Spectrometer (MC-ICP-MS) and a
New Wave Excimer 193 nm Laser Ablation (LA)
The NIL facility has been fully operational since
January of 2012 and we are now capable of making the following
routine measurements, and continue adding new isotope
- High-precision analysis of Li, B, Ca,
Mg and, Fe isotopes.
- High precision analysis of Hf and the Rare Earth
Element (REE) isotopes.
- High-precision analysis of Sr isotopes using wet
chemistry and LA-MC-ICP-MS.
- Bulk elemental analysis of the REE, Sc and Y
- Closed-system U-Th geochronology of carbonate rocks,
including corals and speleothems.
Paleoclimatology and Paleoceanography: Prior to joining
the University of Miami, I studied climate variability in
northern Indian Ocean over the last glacial-interglacial period
using a multi-proxy approach. A novel component of my research
involved combining organic and inorganic geochemical tracers to
document oceanic and atmospheric teleconnections between the
climate of the North Atlantic and northern Indian Ocean over
the last 120 Ka.
Since 2009, I have extend my research to terrestrial,
lacustrine and shallow marine environments, with the aim to
generate high-resolution records of climate variability using
records from ombrotrophic (rain-fed) peat mires, lakes, cave
deposits (speleothems, flow stones etc.) and shallow-water
corals in West Asia, the Middle East and the Persian Gulf. With
a rich history of human activity, this region provides a unique
background for investigating how abrupt climate change has
influenced human civilizations during the Holocene and the
Extraction chromatography and Cosmochemistry: As a
post-doctoral research associate at the Origins Lab and the
for Cosmochemistry, I worked on several projects that
involved developing new analytical techniques in extraction
chromatography and multi-collection isotope mass spectrometry,
with special focus on planetary and meterotics studies. We
explored new techniques in purification of borate flux for
high-efficiency, low-blank fusion of (extra) terrestrial
materials and elemental separation using wet chemistry for
high-precision isotope analysis. In 2011, the results of one of
my projects with Dr. Nicolas Dauphas, the director of the
Origins Lab, lead to
a new constraint on the age of planet Mars and its accretion
history (You can read more about this work
Currently, I am working on classifying meteorite pieces
recently recovered in Iran during an observed entry (these
meteorites are known as “fall”s), and the bulk REE
patterns in more than 30 meteorites using a novel analytical
and MC-ICP-MS technique we developed at the Origins Lab.
Collaborative Research: High-resolution, Multi-proxy
Reconstruction of Holocene Climate Variability in West Asia
Since the beginning of the Neolithic Era ca. 9500 B.P.,
some of the first and most outstanding human civilizations rose
across the Fertile Crescent, extending between northern
Persian Gulf in Iran and the eastern Mediterranean Sea.
Evidence is mounting from paleoclimate proxy records around the
globe that human societies have been impacted by abrupt climate
shifts throughout the Holocene. Very few studies, however, have
been conducted in West Asia that document climate variability
at inter-annual to centennial time scales, which are most
relevant to the flourishing and diminishing of human societies.
We propose a novel study that will measure major and trace
elements and organic biomarkers at inter-annual to centennial
resolution in two ombrotrophic (rain-fed) peat cores from NW
Iran, spanning the entire Holocene to:
- Establish the first high-resolution inter-annual
terrestrial record of atmospheric dust from mid-latitudes in
West Asia, and develop centennial records of moisture
- Examine the role of solar irradiance as a potential forcing
mechanism for changes in atmospheric patterns over West Asia.
- Investigate how climate change may have affected major
civilizations in the region during the last 11 thousand years.
High-Resolution Records of Rapid Climate Change in Speleothem
Records From the Bahamas (NSF/Co-PI)
This is an integrated geochemical and modeling study to test
the hypothesis that aridification in Northern Africa and
cooling in the North Atlantic associated with Heinrich events
are recorded in the chemical composition of stalagmites from
the Bahamas during periods of lower sea level. The sub-tropical
Atlantic is an area generally without high-resolution climate
records and therefore this work offers a special opportunity to
ascertain whether and how Heinrich and Dansgaard/Oeschger
actually recorded and how they relate to high-latitude records.
Our approach will combine geochemical analysis of speleothems
with regional modeling in order to gain a better understanding
of the signatures and physical mechanisms of rapid climate
change in the tropical/sub-tropical Atlantic.
A key component of this project is establishing a precise and
accurate chronology for the cave deposits from the Bahamas
using U-Th geochronology with MC-ICP-MS. Developing this
technique is underway at the Neptune Isotope Lab.
Marine Testing of Absorbent Materials (ORNL/RSMAS PI)
The world oceans can be a significant source of many elements
that are crucial for maintaining our modern lifestyle. As part
of this project, the ORNL and RSMAS have paired to test
absorbent materials that may someday help explore the world
oceans as the largest mines on Earth.
Other active projects:
- Reconstruction of paleo-pH in the corals of the Persian
Gulf based on Boron isotopes.
- High-resolution records of climate change in speleothems
from Iran: A multi-proxy approach to studying climate
variability during the late Pleistocene and the Holocene in
- Application of LA-MC-ICP-MS in tracking the source and
provenance of archaeological artifacts.
Brix, K., Gillette, P., Pourmand, A., Capo, T., Grosell, M. (2012) The Effects of Dietary Silver on Larval Growth in the Echinoderm Lytechinus variegatus. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, pp 1-6.
Pourmand, A., Dauphas, N., Ireland, T. (2012) A novel extraction chromatography and MC-ICP-MS technique for rapid analysis of REE, Sc and Y: Revising CI-chondrite and Post-Archean Australian Shale (PAAS) abundances. Chemical Geology, doi:10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.08.011.
Zhang, J., Dauphas, N., Davis, A., Pourmand, A., (2011) A new method for MC-ICPMS measurement of Ti isotopic composition: identification of correlated isotope anomalies in meteorites. Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, Vol. 26, 2197-2205.
Dauphas, N., Pourmand, A., (2011) Hf-W-Th evidence for rapid growth of Mars and clues on the birth of an oligarch. Nature, doi:10.1038/nature10077.
Teng, F., Li, W., Ke, S., Marty, B., Dauphas, N., Huang, S., Wu, F., Helz, R., Pourmand, A., (2010) Magnesium isotopic composition of the Earth and chondrites. GeochimicaCosmochimica Acta, 74(14): 4150-4166.
Pourmand, A., Dauphas, N., (2010) Distribution coefficients of 60 elements on TODGA resin: Application to Ca, Lu, Hf, U and Th isotope geochemistry. Talanta, doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2010.01.008.
Dauphas, N., Pourmand, A., Teng, F., (2009). Routine isotopic analysis of iron by HR-MC-ICPMS: How precise and how accurate? Chemical Geology, v.267, p175.
Dauphas, N., Cook, D., Sacarabany, A., Frohlich, C., Davis A., Wadhwa, Pourmand, A., Rauscher. A., Gallino, R. (2008). Iron-60 evidence for early injection and efficient mixing of stellar debris in the protosolar nebula. The Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 686, (1), 560-569.
Pourmand, A., Marcantonio F., Bianchi T.S., Canuel E.A. and Waterson E.J (2007) A 28-ka History of Sea Surface Temperature, Primary Productivity and Planktonic Community Variability in the Western Arabian Sea. Paleoceanography, Vol. 22, PA4208.
Pourmand, A., Marcantonio F., Bianchi T.S., Canuel E.A. and Waterson E.J (2005) Radionuclide and biomarker proxies of past ocean circulation and productivity in the Arabian Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 32 (10), 1-4.
Pourmand, A., Marcantonio, F. & Schulz, H. (2004) Variations in productivity and eolian fluxes in the northeastern Arabian Sea during the past 110 ka. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 221, 39-54.
ABSTRACTS AND PRESENTATIONS
Pourmand, A., Dauphas, N., Ireland, T. (2012) The bulk composition of Rare Earth Elements (REE), Sc and Y in 36 chondrites: insight into elemental fractionation in the solar nebula. Abstract#985, Goldschmidt Conference, Montréal, Canada.
Dauphas, N., Pourmand, A., Kobayashi, H. (2011) A planetary embryo origin for Mars. AmericanGeophysical Union, P14A-06, San Francisco, Ca, USA.
Sharifi, A., Pourmand, A., Canuel, A., E., Peterson, L., C., (2011) A 13000-year, high-resolution multi-proxy record of climate variability with episodes of enhanced atmospheric dust in Western Asia: Evidence from Neor peat complex in NW. Iran AmericanGeophysical Union, PP23B-1848, San Francisco, Ca, USA.
Pourmand, A., Dauphas, N., Ireland, T. (2011) High Precision Analysis of all REEs in Chondrites and Earth. Goldschmidt Conference, Prague, Czech Republic.
Dauphas, N., Pourmand, A. (2011) Mars as a planetary oligarch. Goldschmidt Conference, Prague, Czech Republic.
Dauphas, N., Pourmand, A. (2011) Very Rapid Accretion of Mars and Implications for its Magmatic Evolution. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA.
Sharifi, A., Pourmand, A. (2010) Ahigh-resolution peat record from NW Iran reveals several episodes of enhanced atmospheric dust during the last 14000 years. American Geophysical Union, PP13A-1504, San Francisco, Ca, USA.
Pourmand, A., Dauphas, N., Ireland, T. (2010) A novel technique for accurate analysis of Lanthanides Sc and Y in meteorites: Towards a reevaluation of cosmic abundances. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA.
Teng, F., Li, W., Ke, S., Marty, B., Dauphas, N., Huang, S., Wu, F., Helz, R., Pourmand, A. (2010) Magnesium isotopic composition of the Earth and chondrites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA.
Pourmand, A., Dauphas, N. (2009) The Lu and Hf Isotopic Compositions of Meteorites: A Comparative Study of Alkali Flux Fusion and HF Parr Bomb Dissolution. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA.
Dauphas, N., Cook, D., Sacarabany, A., Frohlich, C., Davis A., Wadhwa, Pourmand, A., Rauscher. A., Gallino, R. (2008) Iron-60 in the cosmic blender. 18th Annual V.M. Goldschmidt Conference, Vancouver, Canada.
Pourmand, A., Dauphas, N., (2008) Distribution coefficients of elements on TODGA resin in HNO3, HCl and HF: Application to determination of Th/U, Lu/Hf ratios and Hf isotopic composition in meteorites. Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA.
Dauphas, N., Cook, D., Sacarabany, A., Frohlich, C., Davis A., Wadhwa, Pourmand, A., Rauscher. A., Gallino, R. (2008) Iron-60 Injection in the Protosolar Nebula: How Early And How Well Mixed? Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, Houston, TX, USA.
Pourmand, A., Marcantonio F., Bianchi T.S., Canuel E.A. and Waterson E.J (2006) A 28-ka History of sea surface temperature, primary productivity and planktonic community variability in the western Arabian Sea. American Geophysical Union General Assembly, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Pourmand, A., Marcantonio F., (2005) Basin-wide millennial cycles in Arabian Sea climate over the last glacial period. American Geophysical Union Ocean Sciences, New Orleans, LA, USA.
Pourmand, A., Marcantonio F., Bianchi T.S., Canuel E.A. and Waterson E.J (2005) Pa/ Th ratios in Northeastern Arabian Sea sediments: Tracing changes in thermohaline circulation over the past 50 ka? American Geophysical Union General Assembly, San Francisco, CA, USA.
Pourmand, A., Marcantonio, F. & Schulz, H. (2004) Millennial variations in productivity and eolian fluxes in the northeastern Arabian sea over the Past 110 ka. American Geophysical Union General Assembly, Portland, OR, USA.
MEMBERSHIPS AND JOURNAL AFFILIATION
American Geophysical Union
European Association of Geochemistry
Editorial Board: Geopersia